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Unformatted text preview: Module 46 – Personality 46-12 Exploring Self William James – early researcher of the psychology of “self” Self-esteem, self-disclosure, self-awareness, self-schemas, self-monitoring and so forth is the focus of modern psychology. “Possible selves” include your vision of the self you • dream of becoming – rich, successful, loved and admired • are afraid of becoming – unemployed, lonely, academically failed Self-focus motivates us – but it can also lead to presume too readily (spotlight effect) Spotlight effect : overestimating others’ noticing and evaluating our appearance, performance, and blunders (as if we presume a spotlight shining on us) • Not as many people notice contrary to what we believe 47-13 The Benefits of Self esteem Self-esteem : one’s feeling of high or low self-worth Characteristics of high self-esteem include: fewer sleepless nights, persistent at difficult tasks, less shy and lonely, and happier. Tend to savour good news. Characteristics of low self-esteem: do not necessarily see themselves as worthless or wicked, but they seldom say good things about themselves. 46-14 Maintain Self-Esteem Ethnic minorities, people with disabilities, and woman do not live in handicapped by improvised self- esteem. People who may have faced discrimination maintain self-esteem in three ways: • They value the things at which they excel • They attribute problems to prejudice • They do as everyone does – they compare themselves to those in their own group Despite the realities of prejudice minorities live in happiness 47.15 Self-Serving Bias A readiness to perceive oneself favourably Humanistic psychologist Carl Rogers once objected to the religious doctrines that humanity’s problems evolved from self-love or pride. He believed that despite how proud one seems they have no self-worth, despise themselves etc. People accept more responsibility for good deed than for bad and for successes than for failures: Eg. Athletes take all the glory for victory but blame failures on bad breaks. Students often critize the exam for a bad grade....
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- Spring '09
- Psychology, low self-esteem, explicit memories Amnesia, Self esteem Self-esteem