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Unformatted text preview: Module 46 Personality 46-12 Exploring Self William James early researcher of the psychology of self Self-esteem, self-disclosure, self-awareness, self-schemas, self-monitoring and so forth is the focus of modern psychology. Possible selves include your vision of the self you dream of becoming rich, successful, loved and admired are afraid of becoming unemployed, lonely, academically failed Self-focus motivates us but it can also lead to presume too readily (spotlight effect) Spotlight effect : overestimating others noticing and evaluating our appearance, performance, and blunders (as if we presume a spotlight shining on us) Not as many people notice contrary to what we believe 47-13 The Benefits of Self esteem Self-esteem : ones feeling of high or low self-worth Characteristics of high self-esteem include: fewer sleepless nights, persistent at difficult tasks, less shy and lonely, and happier. Tend to savour good news. Characteristics of low self-esteem: do not necessarily see themselves as worthless or wicked, but they seldom say good things about themselves. 46-14 Maintain Self-Esteem Ethnic minorities, people with disabilities, and woman do not live in handicapped by improvised self- esteem. People who may have faced discrimination maintain self-esteem in three ways: They value the things at which they excel They attribute problems to prejudice They do as everyone does they compare themselves to those in their own group Despite the realities of prejudice minorities live in happiness 47.15 Self-Serving Bias A readiness to perceive oneself favourably Humanistic psychologist Carl Rogers once objected to the religious doctrines that humanitys problems evolved from self-love or pride. He believed that despite how proud one seems they have no self-worth, despise themselves etc. People accept more responsibility for good deed than for bad and for successes than for failures: Eg. Athletes take all the glory for victory but blame failures on bad breaks. Students often critize the exam for a bad grade....
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- Spring '09