Lecture 7. Personality_and_Memory_-__ACE_-_Color

Lecture 7. Personality_and_Memory_-__ACE_-_Color - A n n o...

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Unformatted text preview: A n n o u n c e m e n t s A n n o u n c e m e n t s s Test One s Out of 59 not 60 s Next Week s 6:30pm to 8:00pm Test Two s Instructions at end of class s Lecture on Attention s No information available in text s Incomplete slides will be available on ACE in advance L a s t W e e k L a s t W e e k s Learning Modules 21, 22 & 23 s Classical Conditioning s Operant Conditioning s Learning by Observation s Personality Modules 44 & 45 s The Psychoanalytic Perspective s The Humanistic Perspective T h i s W e e k T h i s W e e k s Contemporary Research on Personality s Module 46 s Memory Modules 24 28 s How do we put the information in that we want to remember? s How do we store it? s How do we retrieve the information when we need it? s Why do we forget? s Why do we falsely remember certain items? s How can we improve our memory? C o n t e m p o r a r y C o n t e m p o r a r y R e s e a r c h o n R e s e a r c h o n P e r s o n a l i t y P e r s o n a l i t y Module 46 W h a t i s P e r s o n a l i t y ? W h a t i s P e r s o n a l i t y ? s Personality an individuals characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting s STABLE and ENDURING behaviors that distinguish us from one another s How have contemporary psychologists examined personality? s Trait Perspective s Social-Cognitive Perspective s Exploring the Self T h e T r a i t P e r s p e c t i v e T h e T r a i t P e r s p e c t i v e s Gordon Allport s More concerned with describing individual characteristics than explaining why they exist s Personality a dynamic organization that must constantly adjust to new circumstances s Traits- characteristics that are manifested consistently throughout a range of circumstances s Predisposes a person to: s Perceive stimuli in certain ways s Respond to these stimuli in certain ways A l l p o r t s A l l p o r t s T r a i t s T r a i t s s Individual traits vary in how general they are s Cardinal Traits s So general that almost every act of a person seem to reflect it s Very few cardinal s Central Traits s People can be described by 5-10 central dispositions s Tendencies that are highly characteristic of a person s Secondary Traits s Less crucial to the description of personality s More situation specific Take a minute to describe either Dr. House or Homer Simpson D e s c r i b i n g P e r s o n a l i t y T r a i t s D e s c r i b i n g P e r s o n a l i t y T r a i t s s Can you think of a one-word description that fully describes who you are? s Allport found almost 18,000 words s How can we narrow down which traits to look at? s Factor analysis s Statistical procedure used to identify clusters of related items S ie I like excitement, dislike being by myself, enjoy loud parties S Extraversion T e s t i n g P e r s o n a l i t y T r a i t s T e s t i n g P e r s o n a l i t y T r a i t s s Eysencks Personality Questionnaire s 2 dimensions extraversion / introversion, emotional stability s Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)...
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Lecture 7. Personality_and_Memory_-__ACE_-_Color - A n n o...

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