Lecture 11. Week_Eleven_-_Color_-_ACE

Lecture 11. Week_Eleven_-_Color_-_ACE - Psychopathology and...

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Unformatted text preview: Psychopathology and Treatment Modules 47 – 54 Bipolar Disorder Bipolar Disorder Bipolar Disorder Bipolar Disorder Developmental Disorders Developmental Disorders Developmental Disorders Developmental Disorders Personality Disorders Personality Disorders Personality Disorders Personality Disorders Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Today’s Overview b Finish up discussion of Mood Disorders - Bipolar b Personality Disorders s Histrionic, Narcissistic, Borderline, Anti-Social b Schizophrenia s Features, Subtypes, Therapy b Developmental Disorders s Autism, ADHD, Therapy Mood Disorders 1. Major Depressive Disorder 1. Clinical characteristics 1. Mood symptoms 2. Cognitive symptoms 3. Behavioural symptoms 2. Biological Correlates • Bipolar Disorder 1. Clinical characteristics 2. Biological correlates Bipolar Disorder b Involves cycles between depression and mania b Mania s Marked by grandiose / irritable mood s Increased energy s Increased activity s Increased distractibility s Excessive engagement in pleasurable behaviours that may lead to painful consequences DEPRESSION MANIA Days / months http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iMMDYZdJBeM&feature=related Emotional Changes Changes in mood: b Elation, exhilaration, enthusiastic b Outgoing, confident b Can become extremely irritable and angry Cognitive Changes b Inflated self-esteem s Belief that they have unusual ability, talent, powers, or skills s Grandiosity (can lead to delusion) s Risky behaviors b Thoughts racing through their mind s Jumping from topic to topic s Easily distracted Physical Changes b Over-activity verbally (t alk more, and faster) b Increased energy s Individual may start one project after another s None are carried through b Decrease need for eating and sleeping b Increased energy + grandiosity + irritability s Bar Room brawls, traffic violations s Bankruptcies s Social, political, sexual activities Bipolar Disorder – Who? b Relatively infrequent (1%) b No ethnic differences noted b Equally seen in men and women b Greater socioeconomic status = more risk s Could the increased energy have led them to a greater status first? s Could people with lower socioeconomic status be more likely diagnosed as schizophrenic? Bipolar Disorder – Why? B I O L O G I C A L B I O L O G I C A L B I O L O G I C A L B I O L O G I C A L b Genetic factor s Family members seem to share diagnoses. b Neurotransmitters: Dopamine regulation s Dysfunction in the behavioural facilitation system s Areas involved in guiding active engagement with the environment Treatment of Bipolar Disorder b Treated with Lithium Carbonate (mood stabilizing) s Emotional highs and lows become stabilized over time s Mechanism not understood s Reduces manic symptoms and prevents recurrences b Major problem: non-compliance… s Psychological therapy is helpful to maintain compliance Bipolar Disorders 1. Clinical characteristics • Emotional, cognitive and physical changes 2. Bipolar Statistics – Who? … Why? … Treatment Personality Disorders...
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2009 for the course PSYCHOLOGY PSYCH 101 taught by Professor R.ennis during the Spring '09 term at Waterloo.

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Lecture 11. Week_Eleven_-_Color_-_ACE - Psychopathology and...

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