Chapter 4

Chapter 4 - Physical Development During The First Three...

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Physical Development During The   First Three Years  13:31 DEP 2000 Human Growth and Development Chapter Four Lecture Notes Dr. Deeds Helen Keller: the world of senses Deaf and blind from fever at 19 months She felt lost…”in a world that was no world” Annie Sullivan Learned to rely on smell, touch, and taste, Her windows to the world How did theses physical developments change her social development? Generations of Childbirth customs Pre 20th century Birthing was a modest female only ritual Use of midwives was predominant Death rates high for mother and baby ¼ babies dies in first year Modern Generations Dramatic reductions in death rate due to Antibiotics Prenatal care Vitamins Checking for health problems Many mothers get depressed during pregnancy, which is very hard to detect and can furthermore affect the baby It most common with people with lower SES Humanizing Childbirth: a social trend Home births have brought back intimacy of event Birthing centers and hospital Birth Process Parturition—brings on labor 2 weeks before delivery uterine contractions cervix becomes flexible stimulated by rising estrogen levels The process of childbirth Labor: term for the process of giving birth Parturition – series of uterine, cervical, and other changes Uterine contractions (mild tightening) begin to expel the fetus
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False contractions Three stages of childbirth Fist stage – longest, 12 hours or more Opening begins to get bigger Its usually the longest part Second stage – up to one hour, contractions stronger and closer together The head is able to come out The doctor begins to pull the baby out Its not always successful It has created problems The baby can get stuck, or its head can get damaged, oxygen can be cut off But for the most part it usually goes well Third stage – 5 to 30 minutes, placenta and remainder of umbilical cord expelled from mother Once the umbilical cord it cut off the doctor will remove the placenta Cords are now being used for stem cell research If you choose to do so If you elect to keep and store it you have to pay a fee for as long as you choose to do so If you don’t keep it then the hospitals keep it for research Vaginal versus cesarean delivery Vaginal Cesarean – baby surgically removed from uterus by cutting through abdomen, Almost 30% of all USA labor Often used when labor progresses slowly Common with: first and/or large babies Older moms Mothers with previous c-sections Position of the baby Increase in cesarean births – increase in first births, large babies, older mothers, previous cesarean births, to prevent litigation, avoidance of difficult labor Medicated versus unmedicated delivery Natural childbirth – physical fitness, breathing / relaxation
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2009 for the course DEP 2000 taught by Professor Valdes during the Summer '08 term at FIU.

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Chapter 4 - Physical Development During The First Three...

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