Chapter 5

Chapter 5 - Cognitive Development During the First three...

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Unformatted text preview: Cognitive Development During the First three Years 13:33 Chapter Five Lecture Notes Studying Cognitive Development: Classical Approaches Cognitive development: The study of learning, thinking, problem solving, memory, and intelligence. Behaviorist approach: Approach to the study of cognitive development that is concerned with basic mechanics of learning. Psychometric approach: Approach to the study of cognitive development that o seeks to measure the quantity of intelligence a person possesses. Piagetian approach: Approach to the study of cognitive development that o describes qualitative stages in cognitive functioning. Behaviorist Approach: Basic Mechanics of Learning Classical and Operant Conditioning o Babies are born with the ability to learn o Classical conditioning: Learning based on associating a stimulus that does not ordinarily elicit a response with another stimulus that does elicit the response (camera / flash / eye blink). Learner is passive, absorbing and automatically reacting to stimuli o Extinct: The fading of classically conditioned learning that occurs when that learning is not reinforced (camera without the flash / eliminates eye blink) o Operant conditioning: Learning based on reinforcement or punishment (smiling = love and attention; hitting = timeout). Infant learns to make a response to an environmental stimulus in order to produce a particular effect Infant Memory o Infantile amnesia o Inability to remember events prior to age 3 years o Operant conditioning with mobiles o Babies can remember mobiles they played with days or weeks ago o Infants and toddlers can remember toy trains ad mobiles Bayley scales of infant and toddler development Measures current development, not for future functioning o Mental scale Motor scale Behavior training scale Home o Home observation of the env o Among other things, assesses: Parental responsiveness Number of books in home Presence of educational playthings Parental priming mechanisms for normal development o Provide sensory stimulation o Mentor in labeling, sorting, and comparing o Help with skill building o Celebrate accomplishments o Protect from punishment for exploring o Stimulate language and communication Psychometric Approach: Developmental and Intelligence Test Intelligent behavior: Behavior that is goal-oriented and adaptive to circumstances and conditions of life IQ (intelligence quotient) tests: Psychometric tests that seek to measure intelligence by comparing a test- takers performance with standardized norms. Developmental Testing for Infants and Toddlers Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development: Standardized test of infants mental and motor development....
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Chapter 5 - Cognitive Development During the First three...

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