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Chapter 6

Chapter 6 - Psychosocial Development during the First Three...

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Psychosocial Development during the First Three Years 13:33 DEP 2000 Human Growth and Development Chapter Six Lecture Notes Dr. Deeds FOUNDATIONS OF PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT Personality: A relatively consistent blend of emotions, temperament, thought, and behavior that makes each person unique. Psychosocial development: Personality development is intertwined with social relationships. Emotions Emotions: Subjective reactions to experience that are associated with physiological and behavioral changes. Sadness, joy, and fear Associated with Physiological changes Your heart rate increase, muscles tense up, euphoria, etc Behavioral changes Its going to cause you to behave in a certain way Expressions depend upon culture and personality Stranger anxiety: Wariness shown by babies by about 8 months of age. Nonorganic failure to thrive: Failure of an infant to grow and gain weight despite adequate nutrition. First signes of emotions Its obvious when newborns are upset Piercing cries, flailing of limbs, stiff body Types of cries: Hunger Pain The mother usually is more likely feels/reacts to this Frustration More difficult to tell when the newborn is happy First Signs of Emotion Crying Hunger cry: A rhythmic cry, not always associated with hunger. Angry cry: A variation of the rhythmic cry in which excess air is forced through the vocal cords. Pain cry: A sudden onset of loud crying without preliminary moaning, sometimes followed with holding the breath. Frustration cry: Two or three drawn-out cries, with no prolonged breath-holding. Smiling and Laughing Waking smiles: Voluntary smiles. When Do Emotions Appear?
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First Month Baby becomes quiet at Sound of human voice Being picked up Baby smiles when gently moved Pattycake: something about the movement about the hand and then attention that the infant gets, causes the baby to smile You are engaging the baby mentally, which is always good Smiling and cooing Smiling and Laughing Involuntary smiles Appear at birth Result of sub-cortical brain activity Waking smiles after 1 month First signs of baby interacting socially Basic Emotions Emotions Involving the Self Self-conscious emotions: Emotions such as embarrassment, empathy, and envy that require a degree of self-awareness. If you are not self-aware then you can’t be self-conscious Self-awareness: Realization that one’s existence and functioning are separate from those of other people and things. Emerges between 15-24 months when infants become able to make mental representations of themselves as well as of other pople and thngs Its necessary before kids can be aware of being the focus of attention, identify with what others are feeling, or wish they had what someone else has Self-evaluative emotions: Emotions such as pride, guilt, and shame that involve
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Chapter 6 - Psychosocial Development during the First Three...

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