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Chapter 10 - Chapter Ten Lecture Notes Psychosocial...

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Chapter Ten Lecture Notes Psychosocial Development in Middle Childhood Focus: Marian Anderson, Operatic Trailblazer THE DEVELOPING SELF Self-Concept Development: Representational Systems Representational systems: In neo-Piagetian terminology, the third stage in development of self-definition, characterized by breadth, balance, and the integration and assessment of various aspects of the self. Real self: Your knowledge of who you really are. Ideal self: Knowledge of who you would like to be or think you should be. Self-Esteem Major determinant of self-esteem is child’s view of their capacity for productive work Kids with low self-esteem may be overly concerned about their performances in social situations o Attribute social rejection to their own personality o Repeat unsuccessful strategies or just give up High self-esteem o Attribute failures to outside factors o They preservere o More willing to volunteer to help those less fortunate than they are Industry versus inferiority: Erikson’s fourth stage of psychosocial development, in which children must learn the productive skills their culture requires or else face feelings of inferiority. Virtue: Competence o A view of the self as able to master skills and complete tasks o Successful resolution of crisis o Seeing the self as able to master skills and complete tasks Includes social support from family and friends Emotional Growth and Pro-social Behavior By age 7/8 kids are aware of feeling shame, guilt, and pride They are aware of their culture’s rules for expressing emotion Emotional self-regulation involves voluntary control over emotions, attention, and behavior THE CHILD IN THE FAMILY Atmosphere: In reference to the family environment, the general demeanor of the family, including personalities, presence or absence of support, monetary status, and conflicts. 1
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Structure: The composition of a family, such as single versus two parents, only child or several children, adopted children, stepfamilies, and other non-traditional families. Family Atmosphere Parenting Issues: Coregulation and Discipline o Coregulation: Transitional stage in the control of behavior in which parents exercise general supervision and children exercise moment-to-moment self- regulation. o Discipline Inductive techniques—point out actions to child ‘Hitting Timmy hurts him and makes him feel bad’ Effects of Parents’ Work o Working moms In 2002 nearly 2/5 mothers with kids ages 6-17 were in the workforce The more satisfied a mother is with her employment, the more effective she is as a parent Impact of mother’s work depends on: Whether she’s works part-or full time Why she is working Partner support SES Poverty and Parenting o About 17% of all US kids under 18 live in poverty o Poor kids are more likely to: Have emotional and behavioral problems Suffer cognitively and scholastically Family Structure Adoptive Families o
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