0806_synthetic_biology

0806_synthetic_biology - Synthetic Biology Social and...

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Synthetic Biology Social and Ethical Challenges Andrew Balmer & Paul Martin Institute for Science and Society University of Nottingham An independent review commissioned by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 1
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Table of contents Executive Summary. ............................................................................................... 3 Synthetic Biology: social and ethical challenges ..................................................... 6 1. What is Synthetic Biology?. ................................................................................. 6 2. Something Old, Something New . ........................................................................ 7 3. Developing the Field of Synthetic Biology. ........................................................ 10 4. Synthethics, or Synbioethics: the rise of concerns about Synthetic Biology. ..... 14 5. Uncontrolled Release. ....................................................................................... 15 6. Bioterrorism. ...................................................................................................... 18 7. Patenting and the Creation of Monopolies . ....................................................... 23 8. Trade and Global Justice . ................................................................................. 25 9. Creating Artificial Life . ....................................................................................... 26 10. Conclusion and Recommendations . ............................................................... 29 References. ........................................................................................................... 33 Disclaimer and acknowledgments This review was commissioned by a working group of the Bioscience for Society Strategy (BSS) Panel of the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC). BBSRC is not responsible for the views expressed in the report or the accuracy of its content. These are solely the responsibility of the authors. We would like to thank the BBSRC BSS Panel, Brian Johnson, Ben Davis and other members of the synthetic biology working group, and Sharon Fortune and Maggie Leggett of BBSRC Office for their support, comments and advice in producing this report. We would also like to thank Filippa Lentzos and Jane Calvert for their valuable feedback and the comments from a number of anonymous reviewers. Please address all correspondence to: paul.martin@nottingham.ac.uk Dr. Paul Martin The Institute for Science and Society, West Wing, Law and Social Sciences Building, University Park, the University of Nottingham, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG72RD May 2008 2
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Executive Summary 1. What is Synthetic Biology? There is no agreed definition of synthetic biology, but it is best understood as the
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2009 for the course BIEB 166 taught by Professor Nieh during the Spring '09 term at UCSD.

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0806_synthetic_biology - Synthetic Biology Social and...

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