Ch10slidesandnotes2

Ch10slidesandnotes2 - Personality Disorders 1 2 Personality...

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1 Personality Disorders
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3 Personality trait An enduring pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and others. Personality disorders Ingrained patterns of relating to other people, situations, and events with a rigid and maladaptive pattern of inner experience and behavior, dating back to adolescence or early adulthood. •Because personality disorders involve the whole fabric of an individual’s being, clinicians typically perceive them as the most challenging disorders to try to treat. •A clinician has to consider the person’s life history when evaluating whether he or she has a personality disorder. •Diagnosis is difficult because many personality disorders have similar features.
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4 THE NATURE OF PERSONALITY DISORDERS A longstanding maladaptive pattern of inner experience and behavior dating back to adolescence or adulthood that is manifest in at least two of the following areas: 1. Cognition 2. Affectivity 3. Interpersonal functioning 4. Impulse control •Evident in various personal and social situations; causes distress or impairment. Cognition: Ways of perceiving self, other people, and events. Affectivity: Range, intensity, and appropriateness of emotional expression. •The pattern is inflexible and pervasive across a range of situations. •The pattern is stable and of long duration.
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5 THE NATURE OF PERSONALITY DISORDERS At present, each personality disorder is categorized distinctly in that a person’s symptoms either fit it or they don’t. Researchers who argue for a dimensional approach point out that the most commonly assigned Axis II diagnosis is personality disorder not otherwise specified .
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6 DSM-IV PERSONALITY DISORDER CLUSTERS CLUSTER A – The Eccentric Ones CLUSTER B – The Dramatic Ones CLUSTER C – The Anxious Ones The DSM-IV includes a set of separate diagnoses grouped into three clusters based on shared characteristics: Because Cluster B disorders have been the most extensively researched, we’ll start with them. •Considerable controversy exists over whether personality disorders should be conceptualized in terms of dimensions. •At present, though, the categorical system is being used.
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7 The Dramatic Ones Antisocial Personality Disorder Borderline Personality Disorder Histrionic Personality Disorder Narcissistic Personality Disorder •Antisocial personality disorder and borderline personality disorder are the most extensively researched. •For each of these disorders, there is a relatively specific set of theoretical perspectives and treatment approaches.
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8 DISORDER A personality disorder characterized by a lack of regard for society's moral or legal standards. commonly called sociopaths or psychopaths •Associated with serial killers and other career criminals, but not all those with APD are criminal nor vice versa
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9 History Philippe Pinel (1801) - Defect of moral character.
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2009 for the course PSYC 37 taught by Professor Rezec during the Summer '08 term at Saddleback.

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Ch10slidesandnotes2 - Personality Disorders 1 2 Personality...

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