Ch2slidesandnotes

Ch2slidesandnotes - Classification and Treatment Plans 1 2...

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1 Classification and Treatment Plans
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2
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3 The Client: The person seeking psychological services. Prevalence of Psychological Disorders: 1 in 5 during past year Comorbidity: Co-existence of mental disorders Patient refers to someone who is ill and passively waits to be treated. Client refers to the person seeking psychological treatment, to reflect the fact that psychotherapy is a collaborative endeavor. Other terms suggested in recent years include resident , consumer , and member . •The Surgeon General’s report on mental health (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1999) cites the statistic that 21% of all Americans have experienced a mental disorder during the preceding year. •Researchers at the National Institute of Mental Health NIMH) designed the Epidemiological Catchment Area (ECA) study, which found that lifetime prevalence across all mental disorders was 32%, and about 20% of the sample had experienced symptoms within the previous year. Comorbidity: NIMH found in their National Comorbidity Survey that 54% of respondents with one psychiatric disorder reported had received a second diagnosis as well at some point in life.
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4 Clinical Psychologists (PhD or PsyD) The Clinician: Mental health professional. There are many types taking many approaches. Clinical psychologists: Along with the growth of PhD programs has been the development of programs that are called “professional schools” of psychology some of which offer a PhD and some of which offer a newer degree, the doctor of psychology (PsyD). •Some psychologists are trained within the field of counseling psychology , where the emphasis is on normal adjustment and development, rather than on the psychological disorders. •Clinical psychologists are trained in conducting psychological testing , a broad range of measurement techniques, all of which involve having people provide scorable information about their psychological functioning.
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5 The Clinician: Mental health professional. There are many types taking many approaches. Psychiatrists (MD) Psychiatrists: Medical doctors (MDs) with advanced training in treating people with psychological disorders. •An important distinction between them and psychologists is that psychiatrists are licensed to administer medical treatment, prescribing medications, and psychologists are not.
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6 The DSM-IV The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association •In making a diagnosis, mental health professionals use the standard terms and definitions contained in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) . •The DSM-IV (the fourth edition) or DSM-IV-TR (fourth edition, text revision) contains descriptions of all psychological disorders, alternatively referred to as mental disorders.
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2009 for the course PSYC 37 taught by Professor Rezec during the Summer '08 term at Saddleback.

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Ch2slidesandnotes - Classification and Treatment Plans 1 2...

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