ch7slidesandnotes

ch7slidesandnotes - Sexual Disorders 1 2 What is Abnormal...

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1 Sexual Disorders
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2
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3 What is Abnormal Sexual Behavior? harm to other people, persistent or recurrent distress, or impairment in important areas of functioning. Sexual behavior is considered a psychological disorder if it causes: •Some behaviors, such as child molestation, can clearly fit the first criterion (causing harm to others) without necessarily causing distress or impairing other functioning in the individual who does these things. •It is important to consider context, as well as customs and mores which change over time, when evaluating the normality of a given sexual behavior.
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4 Paraphilias
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5 Paraphilias para = abnormal; philia = attraction Disorders in which an individual has recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving nonhuman objects, children or other nonconsenting persons, or the suffering or humiliation of self or partner. Inability to experience sexual gratification in the absence of the desired stimulus. Lasting at least six months. •Most people with paraphilias are male. •Information about the incidence of paraphilias is limited, primarily because people with them are too ashamed or embarrassed to seek help, or have no interest in changing.
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6 Pedophilia Pedophilia: A paraphilia in which an adult's sexual urges are directed toward children. Pedophilia is a disorder in which an adult (16 years or over) has uncontrollable sexual urges toward sexually immature children. •Because of the extreme harm to innocent victims, this is perhaps the most widely investigated paraphilia.
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7 PEDOPHILIA Types of molester Situational molesters Preference molesters Child rapists Among age 12-17, 14-year-olds are the most common victims. Under 12, 4-year-olds are the most commonly abused. Nearly 2/3 of the victims are female. Vast majority of perpetrators are male. About 1/3 of offenders are relatives of the victimized children. Situational molesters are primarily interested in relationships with adults (and therefore are not pedophiles). However, in certain contexts, such as during a stressful time, they experience a strong impulse to become sexual with a child. Afterward, they feel distress over what they have done. •For the preference molester , pedophilic behavior is ingrained into his personality and lifestyle. He has a clear preference for children, especially boys. He sees nothing wrong with his behavior. •The child rapist is a violent abuser whose behavior is an expression of hostile drives.
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8 Types of sexual aggressor in general Physiological Cognitive Affective Developmentally-related •Another model applies to sexual aggressors, in general, but seems particularly suited for examining pedophilia. •The
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ch7slidesandnotes - Sexual Disorders 1 2 What is Abnormal...

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