Chapter8_slidesandnotes

Chapter8_slidesandnotes - Mood Disorders 1 A mood disorder...

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1 Mood Disorders
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2 •A mood disorder involves a disturbance in a person's emotional state or mood as the primary symptom. Also known as affective disorders .
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3 Dysphoric mood: Unpleasant feelings, such as sadness or irritability. Euphoric mood: A feeling state that is more cheerful and elated than average, possibly even ecstatic. •People can experience a mood disorder in the form of extreme depression, excessive elation, or a combination of these emotional states. •The primary characteristic of depressive disorders is dysphoria . •Bipolar disorder alternates between dysphoria and euphoria .
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4 A time-limited period during which specific symptoms of a disorder are present. Episode The clinician will: 1. Rate severity: mild, moderate, or severe . 2. Note whether it’s the first episode or a recurrence. 3. Specify nature of a prominent set of symptoms (e.g., catatonic , postpartum ). The clinician will: 1. Rate severity: mild, moderate, or severe . 2. Note whether it’s the first episode or a recurrence. 3. Specify nature of a prominent set of symptoms (e.g., catatonic , postpartum ).
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5 Depressive Disorders
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6 MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER Depressed mood. Lethargic or agitated. Disturbed eating and/or sleeping. Duration: at least 2 weeks. Most cases run their course some time after 6 months. •Also known as major depression , clinical depression , or unipolar depression . Major depressive disorder: A mood disorder in which the individual experiences acute, but time-limited, episodes of depressive symptoms. •Depressive symptoms can include feelings of extreme dejection, a loss of interest in previously pleasurable aspects of life, bodily symptoms, and disturbances in eating and sleeping behavior. •Individuals with major depressive disorder also have cognitive symptoms such as a negative self view, feelings of guilt, inability to concentrate, and indecisiveness. Prevalence: 13 out of 100 men, 21 out of 100 over the course of a lifetime.
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7 Types of Depression In episodes with melancholic features , people lose interest or pleasure in most daily activities. People with a seasonal pattern develop a depressive episode at about the same time each year, usually 2 months in fall or winter. • People whose depressive episodes have melancholic features lose interest in most activities or find it difficult to react to events in their lives that would customarily bring pleasure. •Episodes showing a seasonal pattern develop at about the same time each year, usually for about 2 months during the fall or winter, then return to normal functioning.
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8 Prevalence and Course Out of every 100 people, about 13 men and 21 women develop this disorder at some point in life. About 40% will never have a second episode. So 60% will have a second major depressive episode.
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2009 for the course PSYC 37 taught by Professor Rezec during the Summer '08 term at Saddleback.

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Chapter8_slidesandnotes - Mood Disorders 1 A mood disorder...

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