study guide religion - 1 REL 1350 Study Guide Materials...

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1REL 1350Study Guide MaterialsBasic Introductory Terms(Handout)Apostolic FathersDefinitionoThe generation after the New Testament eraoleaders claimed to be students of Jesus’ disciples/apostlesConnection to apostlesoApostolic fathers= students of Jesus’ apostles/disciplesNot fathers of the apostlesDefinition of martyrdomodied for faithoUltimate witnessIgnatius of AntiochUse of the word catholicocoined the word “catholic” (universal) for the churchCatholic= Roman Catholic ChurchRefers to: wherever the Christians are, the church is→ the church is spreadingob/c Christians are spreadingMonarchical episcopateoMonarchical Episcopate (“following 1 leader”): Growing Role of the BishopIgnatius= speaks about the importance of church leadershipBishop= “episcopos” (Greek)Move away from collegial leadership and prophetsCollegial leadership= follow several leadersProb:oThey could say diff things about GodIgnatius= lived during a time when ppl claimed diff msgs frm Godo→ way to protect orthodoxy= move away frm collegial leadership & prophetsFollow the leaderCentralized leadership to fight heresyshun divisionsofollow the bishopWhere the bishop is, there is the church- mystical presenceEmergence tied to the Eucharist; represented the faithful to GodView of EucharistoReal presence in the Eucharist (term he coins)Medicine of immortalityfor salvationEucharist= the Lord’s Supper“thanksgiving”Not a symbolJesus is really presentIgantius believed that if u are a believer in Jesus, u will partake in the EucharistView of martyrdomoIgnatius= Desired to be poured out as a libation/offering for GodIgnatius said, “I want to be wheat in God’s mouth”oJesus said, “take up your cross & follow Me”Apostolic Father
2PerpetuaStoryoDied for their faithoLived in North AfricaoPerpetua= just had a babyoPerpetua’s father= wanted her to come home to take care of her babyoPerpetua told her father that Christians don’t compromise their faithJust like a pitcher pours wateroGod gives her a miracleShe no longer had pain frm breast feedingoher father tried to dissuade her from being a Christiangot angry → left her alone→ Perpetua got batpziedoimprisonedunbearable heat & anxiety for her babydeacons Tertius & Pomponius= paid for them to be moved tobetter part of the prisonasked her mother & bro to care for her sonl8er granted the privilege of having her son w/ her in prisonloved being @ prisonoasked the Lord if she would b condemned or freed b/c her bro knew that she could ask Himallusion:bronze ladder reaching up to heavenoiron weapons= attached to the ladderif climbed ladder w/o looking upward, would b mangled by the weaponsodragon= underneath the ladderoSaturus= climbed ladder 1st& made it to the topoPerpetua= climbed ladder

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Term
Fall
Professor
Holleyman
Tags
Gnosticism, The New Testament, New Testament, God frm God, The Confessions

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