Lesson 8aL - International Relations System of interactions...

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ternational Relations ± International Relations ² System of interactions between nations and other political bodies. ± Foreign Policy ² A nation’s basic goals and actions in international relations. ± Sovereignty ² The final authority to decide a political question. nation ate’s or governing body’s ² A nation A nation-state s or governing body s state s or governing body s autonomy.
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oral Idealism ± Moral Idealism ² “A philosophy that sees nations as normally willing to cooperate and to agree on moral standards for conduct.” ² Or, to give countries the benefit of the doubt. liti l R li ± Political Realism ² “A philosophy that sees each nation acting rincipally in its own interest.” principally in its own interest. ² Or, you can’t trust ‘em as far as you can throw ‘em.
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iplomacy ± Diplomacy ² Political relationships with other nations. ± Alliance ² A formal agreement between 2 or more nations to protect interests. ± Foreign Aid ² Resources rendered to other nations. ² Economic aid = $$$
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± Covert Operations ² Concealed actions approved by the President and performed by intelligence. ± Economic Sanctions ² Limits on trade. à oycott – ctively NOT buying/importing from a Boycott actively NOT buying/importing from a country. à Embargo – barring both imports and exports. ar pen hostile military actions ± War – Open, hostile military actions. ± New to this list: Terrorism
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± Collective security ² Nations banding together to deal with threats to peace. ² E.g., United Nations, NATO. ± Isolationism ² Minimizing military and political involvement. ² E.g., The U.S. & WWII, pre-1941. à Before Pearl Harbor, Americans agreed that it was not our fight, so why should the US be involved? ± Monroe Doctrine (1823) ² U.S. policy that demanded that European nations would have no more colonies in the Western Hemisphere. ² …to create a safe “bubble” and stop foreign invaders.
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o review: ± To review: ² President’s power to: à Negotiate treaties and executive agreements. à Send/receive ambassadors. à Command the military. onduct covert ops à Conduct covert ops. ² Congress’s power to: à Fund everything. yg à Approve treaties. à Declare war (with 2/3 vote)
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± Why the President (not Congress)? ² President can act quickly (and secretly). ² Congress is an 800-pound gorilla. à How hard would it be to wake up 535 legislators late at night and have them meet to decide what to do? à And President can take the blame for bad foreign policy. à BUT recently Congress has asserted more control over foreign policy. ± Power of the purse – placing conditions on funding. ± Also Congress has gained more expertise. ³ Senators and Reps are also meeting foreign counterparts now ± Divided government also causes assertiveness.
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± State Department ² By law, has primary responsibility for conducting foreign relations.
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2009 for the course POLITICAL 1 taught by Professor Nguyen during the Spring '08 term at Saddleback.

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Lesson 8aL - International Relations System of interactions...

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