hist101 notes exam 1

hist101 notes exam 1 - 1/21/09 Republican Institutions Two...

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1/23/09 1/21/09 Republican Institutions Two Domestic, foreign Elected yearly Power to command (imperium) Armies Enforced law The Senate 300 men Patricians Advise consuls Proposed legislation Only senators become consuls Senate has “real” power The censor For checks and balances Supervise political morals The Tribunes Represented/elected by the plebeians Protection Summary Great administration/bureaucracy Oligarchic Wealthy have advantage Early Republican Society Mainly farmers Not traders Barely literate Simple are and architecture Military innovations Roman legion Infantry Javelins, swords, shields Citizen soldiers New organization 6000 men per legion Divided by centuries 100 men Centurion Strict discipline Training Latin Wars Expand in Italy
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Extend citizenship The Punic Wars- background Fought vs. Carthage Phoenician colony Sicily Messina (Sicily) attacked First Punic War (264-241 BC) Rome uses Greek allies Navy Rome wins Sicily first Roman province Second Punic War (218-202 BC) Over money and trade Hannibal General Invades Italy- from the north! Alps Elephants Battle of Cannae (216 BC) Can’t take Rome Rome invades Carthage (204 BC) when Hannibal is stuck in Italy Battle of Zama (202 BC) Hannibal defeated Second Punic War over Third Punic War (149-146 BC) Carthage razed Aftermath to Punic Wars Carthage’s empire destroyed Roman overseas imperialism begins Continued Conquests By 100 BC Conquered Hellenistic kingdoms Impact of Expansion Greek culture permeates Rome
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hist101 notes exam 1 - 1/21/09 Republican Institutions Two...

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