exam 3 notes - 3/16/09 Atlantic Trade- Effects on Africa...

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3/16/09 Atlantic Trade- Effects on Africa West and central Africa European interference African slave traditions changed Intensified use of slaves already there- but now more Warfare endemic Military becomes important Feeds into slave-trade cycle: more guns = more slave States close to coast (but not on it) dominate Asante empire (gold coast) Akan people (now Ghana) 20 small states centralize together By 1700 Dutch Trade directly with Asante Slaves and gold Benin Early on king Limits slave trade Ivory, pepper, textiles Kingdom of Dahomey Firearms by 1720s Expansion Takes port Maintains power as a slaving state into the 1800s Reasons for increase in slavery Economics – globalization Slaves (labor) worth more Technology Ships Guns Slavery to the East Parting Thoughts Most of Africa remains politically free of outside control Cultural development was more Autonomous than South America Get notes from adam for 3/21 3/23/09 Divine Right continued… Edict of Fontainebleau (1685) – Religious uniformity French protestants flee France France becomes a model for Europe England: a different model History of squabbles between the king and Parliament –Issues: religion, $$$$ Civil War (1642-1646) Cavaliers (pro-monarchy Anglicans) vs.
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Round heads (Parliament/Puritans) Parliament wins – King Charles I beheaded Oliver Cromwell takes over Dies 1658 No clear successor More civil war? Charles II (r. 1660-1685) Invited back to England Squabbles continue James II Pro-catholic 51 years old Two protestant daughters Remarries Has a male heir England’s “Glorious Revolution” Parliament invites William and Mary (James II’s daughter) of Netherlands to “invade” Can be king and queen – if they agree to conditions Bill of rights: Constitutional government! (Shared power between king and parliament) Intellectual responses to Conflict in England Thomas Hobbes Leviathan Pessimistic Control John Locke People have guaranteed rights: life, liberty, property British political system = a model for future government(s) Combined with enlightenment ideals…Revolutions Origins of the Enlightenment The scientific revolution 1543 Copernicus – Heliocentric (Sun-centered theory) Galileo- telescope Scientific method (empiricism) Observation, experiment, reasoning 1680-1690s - Scientific theory invades culture Isaac Newton – Principia Mathematica (1687) What was the enlightenment? Explain the scientific method/discoveries to a larger literate public – Benard de
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2009 for the course HST 101 taught by Professor Pettegrew during the Winter '08 term at Grand Valley State.

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exam 3 notes - 3/16/09 Atlantic Trade- Effects on Africa...

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