Psych Review Ch1

Psych Review Ch1 - Chapter 1: The Evolution of Psychology...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 1: Chapter 1: The Evolution of Psychology The Evolution of Psychology 1. Summarize Wundt's accomplishments and contributions to psychology. Psychology is a science with empirical observations that are systematically observed and knowledge is acquired through data. Physiology-mind, philosophy-who am I? According to Wundt, psychology’s primary focus was consciousness-the awareness of immediate responses and experiences. Psychology born in Germany 1879. 2. Summarize Hall’s accomplishments and contributions to psychology. Established the American Psychological Association and opened first lab in psychology in John Hopkins University. 3. Describe structuralism and its impact on the subsequent development of psychology. Structuralism was based on the notion that the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related. They wanted to identify and examine the fundamentals of consciousness. Introspection is the careful, systematic self-observation of one’s own conscious experiences. Training was required to make the subject more objective and aware. 4. Describe functionalism and its impact on the subsequent development of psychology. Functionalism was based on the belief that psychology should investigate the function or purpose of consciousness, rather than its structure. Heavy reliance on Darwin’s nature selection theory. Henry James argues that consciousness consists of a continuous flow of thoughts known as the “stream of consciousness.” Functionalism is considered the winner, although both have faded away. 5. Summarize Freud's principal ideas and why they inspired controversy. Freud used psychoanalysis to determine obsessions, fears, and overall problems. According to Freud, the unconscious contains thoughts, memories, and desires that are well below the surface of conscious awareness but that nonetheless exert great influence on behavior. His psychoanalytical theory attempts to explain personality, motivation, and mental disorders by focusing on unconscious determinants of behavior. The widespread popular acceptance of psychoanalytical theory essentially forced psychologists to apply scientific methods to personality, motivation, and abnormal behavior. Hardly any tests were run from Freud’s theories; it was all speculation and all about the mind. 6. Summarize Watson's views on the appropriate subject matter of psychology, nature versus nurture, and animal research. Founded by John Watson, behaviorism is a theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific psychology
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PSYCH 201 taught by Professor Raymark during the Spring '08 term at Clemson.

Page1 / 3

Psych Review Ch1 - Chapter 1: The Evolution of Psychology...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online