Psych Review Ch13

Psych Review Ch13 - Chapter 13: Stress, Coping, and Health...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 13: Stress, Coping, and Health 1. Discuss the impact of minor stressors. Health psychology is concerned with how psychological factors relate to the promotion and maintenance of health and with the causation, prevention, and treatment of illness. Stress is any circumstance that threatens or is perceived to threaten one’s well-being and that thereby taxes one’s coping abilities. Researchers have found that every day problems and the minor nuisances of lire are also important forms of stress. Stress adds up. 2. Describe the nature of our appraisals of stress. People’s appraisals of stressful events are actually subjective, and therefore they lie in the eye (or mind) of the beholder. 3. Distinguish between acute and chronic stressors and describe frustration as a form of stress. Acute stressors are threatening events that have a relatively short duration and a clear endpoint. Chronic stressors are threatening events that have a relatively long duration and no readily apparent time limit. Four major types of stress are frustration, conflict, change, and pressure. Frustration occurs in any situation in which the pursuit of some goal is thwarted. You want something and you cannot have it. Most frustrations are brief and insignificant. Failures and losses are two common kinds of frustration that are often highly stressful. 4. Identify the three basic types of conflict and discuss which types are most troublesome. Conflict is unavoidable in everyday life. Conflict occurs when two or more incompatible motivations or behavioral impulses compete for expression. Approach-approach conflict occurs when a choice must be made between two attractive goals, and this tends to be the least stressful. In an avoidance-avoidance conflict a choice must be made between two unattractive goals. Caught between a rock and a hard place. Most unpleasant and highly stressful. In an approach-avoidance conflict, a choice must be made about whether to pursue a single goal that has both attractive and unattractive aspects. Vacillation occurs when you go back and forth, beset by indecision. 5. Summarize evidence on life change and pressure as forms of stress. Life changes are any significant alterations in one’s living circumstances that require readjustment. Stress might make people more vulnerable to illness. Even positive events can produce stress because they are changes. The Social Readjustment Rating Scale SRRS is used to measure life change as a form of stress. It has become apparent, however, that the SRRS assesses a wide range of stressful experiences, not just life changes. Pressure involves expectations or demands that one behaves in a certain way. You are under pressure to perform when you’re expected to execute tasks and responsibilities quickly, efficiently, and successfully. Pressures to conform to others’ expectations are also common in life. 6. Identify some common emotional responses to stress and discuss the effects of emotional arousal.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PSYCH 201 taught by Professor Raymark during the Spring '08 term at Clemson.

Page1 / 4

Psych Review Ch13 - Chapter 13: Stress, Coping, and Health...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online