Psych Review Ch7

Psych Review Ch7 - Chapter 7 Human Memory 1 Describe the three basic human memory processes Encoding turn info into memory(keyboard Storage

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 7: Human Memory 1. Describe the three basic human memory processes. Encoding: turn info into memory (keyboard) Storage: maintain coded info (hard drive) Retrieval: getting something out of memory (search function) 2. Discuss the role of attention in memory. Attention is focusing awareness on the material that is being stored in memory. Increases in attention usually yield increases in memory, especially in working or short-term memory. Filtering is the screening out of most of the stimuli around a subject. Early filtering is filtered before the meaning of something, and late filtering is filtered after the meaning has been processed. 3. Describe the three types of encoding discussed by Craik and Lockhart and how depth of processing relates to memory. Structural: shallow, low level of encoding Phonemic: intermediate, recognize more detail Semantic: longer lasting memory, deep encoding, recognize meaning 4. Describe three techniques for enriching encoding and research on each. Elaboration: thinking of an example for something that will elicit the information more easily Self-Referent Encoding: personal elaboration Visual Imagery: visual images to represent ideas Dual Encoding Theory: visual + semantic = better memory 5. Describe the role of the sensory store in memory. Sensory store in memory is the fraction-of-a-second memory that allows typing of words from a book to a computer and other activities such as this. The sensory store then shifts the information to the working memory. 6. Discuss the characteristics of short-term memory. The working memory or short-term memory usually has only a 20-second capacity without repetition or practice. It can usually hold up to 7 plus or minus 2 pieces of information. Chunking is used by breaking information into pieces and grouping stimuli into a single unit. 7. Describe Baddely’s model of working memory and related research. Phonological Loop: rehearsal Visual/Spatial Sketchpad: works as a sketchpad, where information is placed on it in order to work with it Central Executive: dividing of attention
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PSYCH 201 taught by Professor Raymark during the Spring '08 term at Clemson.

Page1 / 2

Psych Review Ch7 - Chapter 7 Human Memory 1 Describe the three basic human memory processes Encoding turn info into memory(keyboard Storage

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online