Psych Review Ch15

Psych Review Ch15 - Chapter 15: Treatment of Psychological...

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Chapter 15: Treatment of Psychological Disorders 1. Identify the three major categories of therapy and discuss how various demographic variables relate to the likelihood of treatment. Some methods include discussion, advice, emotional support, persuasion, conditioning procedure, relaxation training, role playing, drug therapy, group therapy. Insight therapy is talk therapy in which clients engage in complex verbal interactions with their therapists, including marital and family therapy. Behavioral therapies are based on principles of learning that direct efforts to alter problematic responses to change a clients overall behavior. These use classical, operant, and observational learning. Biomedical therapies use interventions into a person’s biological functions with drugs or electroshock therapy. 15% of the US population seeks mental health services any given year. There tends to be a long delay in seeking mental health services, especially among bipolar disorders, depression, and generalized anxiety and panic disorders. Some people seek professional help for everyday problems, and only 59% who perceive they need medical health services actually seek them. Women are more likely than men to seek help. There is also a factor in lack of health insurance and cost concerns. 2. Describe the various types of mental health professionals involved in the provision of therapy. Psychologists: clinical and counseling specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and everyday behavioral problems. They must earn a doctorate degree along with years of internship and training, and they are more likely to use behavioral therapies in treatment. Psychiatrists: are physicians who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders. They focus more on medical and biological factors and therefore must have an MD degree. They can prescribe medication more so than psychologists and therefore are more dependent on drug therapy than anything else. Clinical social workers: master’s or bachelor’s degree in their field and typical work with patients and their families to ease the transition back into the community. Psychotherapists: easy to achieve the title, specialize in particular types of problems and are usually centered on family training or university services to students. 3. Explain the logic of psychoanalysis and describe the techniques by which analysts probe the unconscious. Insight therapies involve verbal interactions intended to enhance clients’ self-knowledge and thus promote healthful changes in personality and behavior. Psychoanalysis is an insight therapy that emphasizes the recovery of unconscious conflicts, motives, and defenses through techniques such as free association and transference. Freud mostly treated anxiety and neurotic problems. In free association clients spontaneously express their
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Psych Review Ch15 - Chapter 15: Treatment of Psychological...

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