Trained workers in standard method supported workers

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Unformatted text preview: 940 Management Science Perspective 1990 1930 Humanistic Perspective 1890 Classical 1940 2010 1870 34 Management Emphasis (Different Approach) Classical Perspective: 3000 B.C. Classical Scientific Management Bureaucratic Organizations Administrative Principles Administrative Principles Humanistic Perspective Humanistic Human Relations Movement Human Resources Perspective Behavioral Sciences Approach Management Science – Operations Research Contingency Approach Systems Approach 35 Classical Perspective: 3000 B.C. ● Rational, scientific approach to management – make organizations efficient operating machines Scientific Management Bureaucratic Organizations Administrative Principles ● ● ● 36 Scientific Management: General Approach Taylor 1856-1915 • Developed standard method for performing each job. • Selected workers with appropriate abilities for each job. • Trained workers in standard method. • Supported workers by planning work and eliminating interruptions. • Provided wage incentives to workers for increased output. 37 Historical Perspective - Management Approaches Bureaucratic Organizations…. Max Weber Max – Clearly defined authority and responsibility – Formal record keeping – Separation of management and ownership 38 Bureaucratic Organizations • Max Weber 1864-1920 • Prior to Bureaucracy Organizations – European employees were loyal to a single individual rather than to the organization or its mission – Resources used to realize individual desires rather than organizational goals • Systematic approach –looked at organization as a whole. 39 Bureaucratic Organizations Division of labor with Clear definitions of authority and responsibility Personnel are selected and promoted based on technical qualifications Positions organized in a hierarchy of authority Administrative acts and decisions recorded in writing Management separate from the ownership of the organization Managers subject to Rules and procedures that will ensure reliable predictable behavior Exhibit 2.3, p. 49 40 Administrative Principles Contributors: Henri Fayol Mary Parker Chester I. Barnard Focus: – Organization rather than the individual – Management functions: • planni...
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