Intro IR Lecture 4

Intro IR Lecture 4 - Intro IR Lecture 4 1/24/2008 11:38:00...

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Intro IR Lecture 4 24/01/2008 11:38:00 Sovereign state system Territory, population, government, external, recognition No higher external authority o Nothing outside the nation state to force it to do what it does not want  to do Outside territory of state= anarchy Ruler = legal entity with internal and external sovereignty Combines secular and spiritual power Monopoly of use of armed forces and coercion  Evolution of nation state System 1 o shift from divine right to republicanism  o napoleon challenges the nation state system by trying to conquer the  world seals the balance of power  via Congress of Vienna France was punished for the Napoleon episode o Progressive agreement on the part of state leaders to balance the  system  Evolution of Nation State System 2 o German challenge 1914-18 leads to notion of collective security League of nations- doesn’t work o German challenge 1939-45 generates international institutions
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o Soviet challenge 1945-1989 revives alliances o End of Cold War: Westphalia intact o Rise of Al Qaeda= fundamental  challenge of a nonstate actor
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Intro IR Lecture 4 - Intro IR Lecture 4 1/24/2008 11:38:00...

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