compiled midterm review

compiled midterm review - Chapter 1 American Democracy 1....

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1 American Democracy 1. Driven by processes more than any other democracy 2. Permanent campaign- anticipation of and preparation of future elections 3. Do not make nave claims like the people rule for elections are not always accurate reflections of popular demand More elected officers in the US than any other country In recent years, recall elections have been called due to dissatisfaction of opinion regarding local government officials. 4. Primary Election- each party chooses a nominee for a position 5. General Election- parties compete head to head for position Non-partisan elections- an election without party affiliation 6. Initiative- a proposed law or state amendment placed on a ballot in response to a petition 7. Referendum- law or state amendment approved by majority of voters 8. Proposition- a shorthand reference to an initiative or a referendum 9. Government- the institution in society that has a monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force 10. Aristocracy- government by a few made eligible by birthright 11. Oligarchy- government by a few whom gained power by means of military power, wealth, or membership in a single political party 12. Democracy- governing power is shard among citizens, usually through free and open elections 13. Direct democracy- democracy in which ordinary people are the government, making laws themselves 14. Representative democracy- indirect democracy, which the people choose reps and determine governmental decisions 15. Prospective voting- voting on the basis of a candidates policy promises for the future Two Models of Democracy 1. Popular Model - elections determine policy a. Citizens vote prospectively b. Direct democracy is preferred c. Popular participation is necessary for efficiency 2. The Responsible Model elections determine leaders a. Citizens vote retrospectively b. Representative democracy c. Clear accountability of leaders necessary for efficiency 16. Retrospective voting- voting on past performances of candidate 17. Constituency- those legally entitled to vote 18. Permanent campaign- the next election begins as soon as ones ended and the line between electioneering and governing disappears Key changes leading to the permanent campaign 1. separate election days for fed. And state elections 2. spread of primary elections 3. decay of traditional party organizations 4. rise of mass communication 5. Profusion of interest groups- officials constantly being watched and criticized 6. proliferation of polls provide constant feedback 7. role of campaign money- official must spend more time campaigning 19. electoral incentive- desire to obtain office Jan. 18--------- Chapter 2 20. Federalists- supported the ratification of the constitution 21. Anti federalists- opposed 22. the Mayflower Compact- the first written document expressing American colonists consent to be governed 23. Royal/proprietary colony- a colony governed by a king specifically for the benefit of the mother country...
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