Chapter 3 Federalism

Chapter 3 Federalism - Chapter 3 Federalism Federalism...

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Chapter 3 Federalism 04/03/2008 00:33:00 Federalism Defined in terms of sovereignty- fundamental governmental authority Divides sovereignty between at least two different levels o National government o State government Each level of government must have o Its own set of elected officials o Its own capacity to raise revenues by means of taxation o Independent authority to pass laws regulating the lives of its citizens Dillon’s rule o Legal doctrine that local governments are mere creatures of the state In context Unitary government- all power is with the central government o Abolish local governments By sharing power between states and national government the United States creates a more agreeable power distribution than the unitary government Federalism in the Ratification of the Constitution o Supremacy clause- constitutional provision that says the laws of the national government shall be supreme Evolution of Federalism Debate Basic debate of whether the nation benefits from central power or localized control Judicial review is the court authority to declare laws null and void on grounds that they violate the Constitution Dual Sovereignty is a theory of federalism saying that both the national and state
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Chapter 3 Federalism - Chapter 3 Federalism Federalism...

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