Gospel_Criticism_notes - Source Criticism: Where Did They...

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Source Criticism = Studying the relationship between the Gospels by examining where they draw their material from Gospel stories were originally oral tradition These stories (the four Gospels) were not first written down until at least twenty years after Jesus’ death Note Luke 1:1-4 Source Criticism Cont’d: The Synoptic Gospels Matthew, Mark, and Luke are called the “Synoptic Gospels” Synoptic Gospels = The three Gospels that share a large percentage of their material in common Example: The Transfiguration (Matt 17:1ff; Mark 9:2ff; Luke 9:28ff) The Synoptics Mark was written first (few scholars argue differently, but we will assume Markan priority) Matthew and Luke had access to Mark as they wrote 90% of Mark is in Matthew about 50 % of Mark is in Luke Matthew and Luke share about 200 verses that are not in Luke Did Matthew use Luke or did Luke use Matthew? Most scholars believe that Matthew and Luke
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Gospel_Criticism_notes - Source Criticism: Where Did They...

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