CLASS40- 2nd Half - PERSEUS AND MYTHS OF THE ARGIVE...

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PERSEUS AND MYTHS OF THE ARGIVE PLAINS (Chapter 14) Zeus + Danae = Perseus -> “The child of the shower of gold that quickened Danaes womb” Mycenae : was founded by Perseus (who was the king of Tiryns at the time) Then ruled by Atreus -> Agamemnon (who led the Greek forces against Troy) Tiryns: Perseus was king when founded Mycenae Smaller than Mycenae A fortress surrounded by amazing walls of immense stones carefully fitted together Near sea and may have been the port town that supplied Mycenae Perseus’ grandson Heracles spent most of his time here *The stories of Perseus are the closet to folktale than any other Greek Hero 9The story of Perseus began generations before he was even born!* IO AND HER DESCENDANTS The wanderings of Io: Melia (nymph of an ash tree was an Oceanid) + Inachus (god of the river that flows throught the Argive plain) = 2 sons and Io:ancestor of three great dynasties: the house of Argos, Thebes, and Crete. - Io was a priestess of Hera in the HERAEUM (thr holiest classical temple to Hera in mainland Greece) - Zeus lusted aafter her - When going after her he shrouded her in a mist and within it he had his way with her… Hera saw this mysterious cloud and investigated… Zeus turned Io into a bull to cover up his adultress affair. - Hera admired the animal (Io as a bull) and asked for it as a gift from Zeus… she then tethered the cow to an olive tree in a grove near Mycenea and sent the monster Argus to keep watch over her; who was a monster with 100 eyes and never slept - Zeus sent hermes to kill it and he sings all the eyes to sleep then chops its head off- why hes called Argeiphontes (Argus-killer) - Hera placed Argus’ eye in the tail of a peacock, her favorite bird. - With Argus dead hera sent a gadfly to torment Io by stinging her constantly wherever she went (she ended up running into Prometheus tethered to a rock) – he tells her that she will be returned to human form when Zeus touches her (making a baby Epaphus “he who has been touched” future king of Egypt) and also that her descendent in the 13 th generation (Hercules) will free him. Epaphus will have a child with Memphis (daughter of Nilus) = Libya (eponym for the country) On Libya Poseidon had two sons= Agenor (father of Europa) and Belus Belus became a king of a vast territory and married another daughter of Nilus ad had twin sons = Aegyptus and Danaus. - Aegyptus had 50 sons and Danaus had 50 daughters. Aegyptus insisted his 50 sons marry his 50 duaghters. He refused and moved to Argos in the Peloponnesus -> the 50 sons followed and Danaus finally agreed but equipped each of his daughter with a knife and instructed them to kill all 50 of the suitors and newly wedded husbands. - All but 1 killed their new husbands (Hypermenestra(wife) and Lynceus)
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**From Lynceus and Hypermenestra descends the house of Argos** THE LEGEND OF PERSEUS Danae and the Shower of Gold: - Danae was the daughter of Acrisius (brother to Proteus i.e., the proetids Ch11) -
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