States_of_Consciousness - sleep Narcolepsy : Sudden sleep...

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Consciousness, Sleep, and Dreams Hush little baby, don’t say a word, Mama’s gonna buy you a Mockingbird…
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Consciousness Consciousness : An organism’s awareness of its own self and surroundings William James compared it to a “stream,” hence the “stream of consciousness”
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Alternate States of Consciousness Alternate States of Consciousness : A mental state other than ordinary waking consciousness Lots of things can affect our consciousness: Sleep Dreams Drugs Hypnosis Injury
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Circadian Rhythms Our Circadian Rhythm is a biological cycle that affects our level of arousal and awareness A big player in this cycle is the hormone melatonin which relaxes the body
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Core Body Temperature Across the Day
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Level of Sleepiness Across the Day
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Arousal and Car Accidents
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Early Birds vs. Night Owls Class time Later Classes 8:00 a.m. Classes Mean Average Grade 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 Type of Student Early Birds Night Owls
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Stages of Sleep
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Stages Through the Night
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Sleep Disorders Insomnia : Difficulty falling asleep or getting enough
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Unformatted text preview: sleep Narcolepsy : Sudden sleep attacks REM-Sleep behavior disorders : Body movement during REM Sleepwalking : Leaving bed during deep sleep (Stages 3 or 4) Nightmares : Scary dreams (not really a disorder) Night terrors : Panic level dreams (occur during deep sleep) Sleep apnea : Irregular breathing during sleep Drugs and Consciousness Drugs affect the body in basically two ways: Agonists : Drugs the stimulate the nuerons Antagonists : Drugs that inhibit the actions of the neurons Breaking Down Drugs By Their Function Agonists : Stimulants & Amphetamines (caffeine, cocaine, Ecstasy) Hallucinogens (LSD, angel dust) Marijuana Antagonists : Opiates (morphine, heroin) Depressants (alcohol) Barbiturates and Tranquilizers (Valium) Marijuana Drug Addiction Tolerance Withdrawal Hypnosis: What is it? Hypnosis: A state of heightened suggestibility...
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PSYC 120 taught by Professor Beck during the Fall '08 term at Abilene Christian University.

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States_of_Consciousness - sleep Narcolepsy : Sudden sleep...

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