Developmental_Psychology__Part_2

Developmental_Psychology__Part_2 - Ages: 11 and up Onset...

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Developmental Psychology: Part 2
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Cognitive Development: From Babies to Adulthood
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Cognitive Development: Piaget’s Stage Model Schemas : Cognitive structures or patterns consisting of a number of organized ideas that grow and differentiate with experience Assimilation : Absorbing new information into existing schemas Accommodation : Adjusting old schemas or developing new ones to better fit with new information
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Piaget’s Cognitive Stages: Sensorimotor Ages: Birth to 2 Coordination of sensory and motor systems Big development: Object permanence
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Piaget’s Cognitive Stages: Preoperational Ages: 2 to 7 Beginning use of symbols (i.e., words), but “rules” governing symbols are not well understood Characteristic to defining shift has not taken place Other cognitive biases: Egocentrism Failures of conservation
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Piaget’s Cognitive Stages: Concrete Operational Ages: 7 to 11 First use of mental (i.e., logical) operations but the ability for abstraction is limited
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Piaget’s Cognitive Stages: Formal Operations
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Unformatted text preview: Ages: 11 and up Onset and continued development of fully logical and abstract thinking skills Adolescence G. Stanley Hall (1904): Adolescence is a time of storm and stress. The Search for Identity Identity crisis: confusion over self-definition (Who am I?) and values (What is important to me?) Parents and Peers During Adolescence peers become more important and parents less so. However, parents although they have less influence over hairstyles, fashion, body piercing, tattoos, and music do still influence: Religion Politics Morality Career decisions Adulthood Adulthood is still a time of development, change, and growth. Some issues in adulthood: The social clock Work Marriage Friendships Empty nest syndrome Midlife crisis Retirement Generativity Old age Death and Dying Kubler-Ross stages of dying: Denial Anger Bargaining Depression Acceptance...
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Developmental_Psychology__Part_2 - Ages: 11 and up Onset...

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