Motivation_and_Emotion - includes arousal cognitions and...

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Motivation and Emotion
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Motivation Motivation : A set of factors that activate, direct, and maintain behavior, usually toward a goal. Many theorists believe we can better predict behavior NOT by studying personality traits, but by studying what a person WANTS from life .
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Some Psychological Needs List your top three! Achievement : To succeed, master, win Affiliation : To befriend, intimacy, cooperate Autonomy : To shake free, resist confinement, independence Exhibition : To stand out, to amaze, to amuse Harm avoidance : To avoid pain, illness, death, or risk Order : To organize, to achieve precision, to clean Play : Games, sport, humor, relaxation Sentience : To immerse in art, beauty, nature Sex : Well…sex Succorance : To be cared for, nursed, supported, consoled Understanding : To seek knowledge, solve problems
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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
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Emotions Emotion : A subjective feeling that
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Unformatted text preview: includes arousal, cognitions, and expressions Unpacking the Features of Emotions Emotions are responses to eliciting stimuli : Stuff happens and we react Emotions involve arousal : For example, heart rate increase Emotions involve cognitions : We make quick interpretations as to why the event happened Emotions involve expressions: For example, facial expressions and “action tendencies” (Note: These tendencies are governed by cultural “ display rules ”) Are there universal emotions? Paul Ekman’s Universal Emotions Ekman, following up on Darwin’s thinking, discovered that there are six universal emotions each with unique facial expressions (lists from other researchers range from 7-10). The universal emotions: Happiness Disgust Surprise Sadness Anger Fear...
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PSYC 120 taught by Professor Beck during the Fall '08 term at Abilene Christian University.

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Motivation_and_Emotion - includes arousal cognitions and...

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