history midterm - I am putting a quick summary of the...

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I am putting a quick summary of the primary documents at the bottom, what country they are also Please edit if I’m wrong-Nicky Hey everyone! If we all do a chapter or two of notes that would be great! I’ll tackle CH4 little by little ~ Cody and CH5 if I successfully study cell bio Chapter 1- East Asia in the Sixteenth Century: Land & Languages of East Asia China Western China- Tibetan plateau. Turkic people. Grasslands & plateaus. Effective armies & states. Mix of India and China. North China- Manchuria, 3 month growing season, plateau of upper Yellow River, dry field agriculture, plain (Eurasia). The people are forest, desert, or grassland nomads Mongolia in the north has a strong cavalry that follows shamans, warriors led by chieftains. Fast warfare (Atila the Hun) until the 18th century. South China- Yun-Gui, year round growing season (rice-Taiwan). Slash and burn sedentary agriculture in the Southern mountains. China proper expands through migration. Central China- hot humid climate with monsoon rains. Rice agriculture, water country, commercialized. NW continental winds, SW monsoon winds Qing empire- 15th century Korea Base of Korea= mountains- Mt. Paektu 15% agricultural land. Plains in the East. Marsh in the West. Monsoon rains in the South provide rice agriculture (paddies). Hydraulic engineering created the S. peninsula grain bowl. (use gravity from the mountains) Regional topographic separation creates differences in language, culture, religion. Central Korea- Seoul. National language. Rural vs. Commercial. Japan Mountainous (mountains hold the basis for religions) Monsoon and typhoon seasons, crop agriculture, animal domestication, fertile central plain brings wealth (leads to Japanese imperial household) Languages- Speech and Writing Classical chinese: Hanzi (china)- Mandarin, complex, 6 vowels, 21 consonants, and tones. Hanja (korea)- close phonetic system, numerous vowel combinations, 10 vowels and 19 consonants Kanji (japan)- least complex No phonetic differences. Text pronounced differently in each. Korea and Japan are derived from the same root language-> Romanized Late Ming Culture
Ming China, Choson Korea, and Warring States in Japan. Also, 3 Muslim empires: Ottomans in Turkey, Safavids in Iran, the Mughals in India. (eurasia) Northern czars in Russia defeat the Mongols. Ming dynasty rules of china. 1600s- scientific revolution. Neolithic revolution - ancient invention and spread of agriculture, metallurgy, cities, unequal social class, and writing. Europe more advanced. Europe has a single story of civilization- racial arrogance from military and scientific experience Ming ruler ordered Jesuits and Portuguese allies to use advanced defense Family and Ideals: patrilineage and ancestors.

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