Geology 120 - correlations.- Using models known to be wrong...

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February 5 th Science is in the news… How can one tell if it is ‘real’ science? - Is the person claiming it an authority? - What do other scientists say? (Immediate feedback) - Does the idea run contrary to all established notions? - Does the idea violate physical laws? Evidence of poor (or junk) science (or thinking)? - Real repression  of contrary points of view. - Shifting responses  (over time) for reaching the same conclusion - Emotional/hysterical  proponents - Exaggerations - Clear political motivation or other agendas , including financial. - Error bars  being ignored  to make a point - Logical errors  (correlation is not causation, false dichotomy, circular reasoning, etc.) - Omission  of data/selective use of facts (“cherry picking”) - Clear contradictions  between predictions and actual results or outcomes, or at least poor 
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Unformatted text preview: correlations.- Using models known to be wrong or which use extremely uncertain input data * G.I.G.O. = garbage in garbage out- Ignoring other likely explanations- Only certain individuals , or a small (often related) group of individuals, publish a particular perspective.- A change of conclusions over time , without dramatically different evidence. Scientific Methodology Why is it science and not something else?- Evidence its science: * Verifiable * Statistically or mathematically validated * Doesnt rely on one persons authority or witness * Hasnt already been discredited * No one has a huge stake in being correct * All competing ideas have been considered, and probably discredited....
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course GEOL 120 taught by Professor Maglouihlin during the Spring '08 term at Colorado State.

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Geology 120 - correlations.- Using models known to be wrong...

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