創作背景.doc - Google 文件

創作背景.doc - Google 文件 - 109 110 1

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創作背景 兩閡詞出自不同的人之手,卻浸潤着同樣的情怨和無奈,因爲它們共同訴說着一個淒婉的愛 情故事 —— 唐婉與陸游沈園情夢。陸游初娶舅父唐閎之女,婚後夫妻相愛,而陸游的母親卻不喜 歡自己的侄女,陸游迫於母命不得不與唐氏離異。離異後唐氏改嫁同郡宗子趙士程。在一次春游 中陸游與唐氏及其後夫士程邂逅於紹興城南禹蹟寺附近的 沈園 。唐氏得知後經夫君同意,遣人送 酒饌致意,陸游感於前事,遂題此詞於沈園壁上。 唐婉 在看到陸游的詞後,也回了一首《釵頭 鳳》給陸游。 109 內容分 析要點 【內容分析要點】 1 追憶往昔 詞的上片通過追憶愛情生活,感歎被迫離異的痛苦。詞作 首先回憶往昔與唐氏偕游沈園時的美好情景,再描寫詞人被迫 與唐氏離異後的痛苦心情詞。 2 抒發傷悲 詞的下片由感慨往事回到現實,進一步抒寫了夫妻被迫離 異的哀痛。作者在沈園重遇唐氏,但物是人非。舊園重逢,淚 流滿面,山盟雖在,但赤誠的心意,又應該如何表達呢?事已 至此,再無法挽回了,詞者在喟歎聲中結束此詞。 110 寫作手 法要點 【寫作手法要點】 1 直抒胸臆 詞人寫自己的時候用了直抒胸臆的手法,如「一懷愁緒, 幾年離索」。 2 側面烘托 詞人描寫唐婉的時候,只寫了她容顏體態的變化和她精神 的痛苦情狀。 3 烘托氣氛 作者善於烘托氣氛,如描寫「滿城春色」時,以「紅酥 手」、「黃藤酒」、綠柳等色調明麗的顏色烘托春意,畫面美 好。 4 善用比喻,語帶雙關 詞作以「東風惡」借物寓意,語帶雙關,豐富了詞作內容
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