Psych 170 Exam 3

Psych 170 Exam 3 - Psych 170 Chapter 12 Substance-Related...

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Psych 170 Exam 3 Chapter 12 Substance-Related Disorders Depressants o Slow the activity of CNS o Reduce tension & may interfere with judgment, motor activity, & concentration o 1.) Alcohol Binge-drinking: consuming 5 or more drinks on a single occasion Increased 35% in past decade Men make up 81% binge-drinkers Alcohol contains ethyl alcohol which binds to GABA receptors Alcohol helps GABA shut down neurons, resulting in relaxation Long-term drinking may cause brain damage, short-term memory loss, decreased speed in thinking, attention skills, and balance Delirium tremens (DT’s) may occur due to withdrawal Korsakoff’s Syndrome: malnutrition from drinking causing Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: may cause mental retardation, o 2.) Sedative-Hypnotic Drugs Low dosage = calming,/sedative effects; High dosage = hypnotics o 3.) Opioids Includes opium, heroin, morphine, and codeine Block endorphins causing numbness and reduced pain Stimulants o Increase the activity of CNS o o Include cocaine, amphetamines, caffeine, and nicotine Hallucinogens o o o Cannabis o o Includes hashish and marijuana o Active ingredient: THC o Long-term use causes decreased blood flow to the brain, possible lung cancer and other breathing problems, and reproductive problems Explanation
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o Self-medication: use to dull the pain; “drink the pain away” o Mimicking: symptoms of substance abuse resemble other disorders o Comorbidity: substance abuse becomes the result of another disorder Treatment o Behavioral→ Aversion Therapy: presenting unpleasant stimulus every time they take the drug o Sociocultural→ Alcoholics Anonymous: helps members abstain one day at a time and accept the idea that they are powerless against alcohol as a fact, thus they must stop drinking entirely in order to live normal lives
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Chapter 13 Alfred Kinsey: interviewed thousands of men about sexual behavior [determined “normal” sexual behaviors] NHSLS survey 1994: Updated survey based on the research by Kinsey Masters & Johnson: observed sexual behavior in the lab & opened clinic for sexual disorders Feminist critique of DSM-IV o Too much emphasis on orgasm o Nothing about relationship problems o o Thought excessive sexual desire should be included
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PSYCH 170 taught by Professor Wise during the Spring '08 term at Allegheny.

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Psych 170 Exam 3 - Psych 170 Chapter 12 Substance-Related...

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