PHIL137-Plato_and_Aristotle

PHIL137-Plato_and_Aristotle - Plato The Laws(347 BC...

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Plato – The Laws (347 BC) 10/11/2007 00:04:00 Virtuous Character in a Virtuous Community     The purpose of law is to make citizens virtuous. Virtues include: o Wisdom – knowing what is good and how to apply that to everyday life o Justice – giving to each his own/what he deserves o Courage – the ability to stand up to something no matter how scary it is when  it is necessary/for the good of yourself/your family o Temperance – self-control; the ability to resist desires that you cannot  rationally approve of (the essential precondition to acquire the other virtues) Plato suggests: Education – early public coeducational education to teach people morals and how  they should act; primarily aimed at developing self-control Chorus – regularize minds and bodies through use of well-ordered, synchronized  music and movement (use our bodies to get to our minds) o Plato believed that Athens was egoistic and out of control because of the  corrupting music (disorderly music corrupts the soul) Drinking parties – bring young adults together, get them drunk and test their self-
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PHIL137-Plato_and_Aristotle - Plato The Laws(347 BC...

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