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History 110: Lecture 1Chapter 16: Reconstruction, 1863-1877: help the south become a Union again after the Civil WarTHE KKK worked real closely with the Democrats: committed to white supremacyHow did Reconstruction come to an end? Democrats took over; Federal troops left the formal confederate statesWhy do we call it reconstruction?Country ended so we can rebuild it. Whole country was reborn. Civil War solidified the National government. Provide a new safe life for everybody. Did not live up to expectations… Similarities between Reconstruction & todayFear, presidential races: have to appeal to all peopleHow do James Rapier's experiences as a black politician in the post-war South reflect the chaos and uncertainty of the Reconstruction era? (Intro)Rapier returned to Alabama where he presided over the first political gathering of former slaves in the state. Helped them set up a new life. Whites found it agonizingly difficult to accept defeat and black freedom. Ku Klux Klan went on a bloody rampage after four black politicians but Rapier escaped. Northern victory had freed the slaves but slaveholders’ mindsabout blacks did not change.How did Union forces attempt to reintegrate the South in the later years of the war? How was the course of Reconstruction changed by the death of President Lincoln? Lincoln issued the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction in 1863, his compassionate policy for dealing with the South. The Proclamation stated that all Southerners could be
pardoned and reinstated as U.S. citizens if 10% took an oath of allegiance to the Constitutionand the Union and pledged to abide by emancipation.If 10% signed, stating that they want to come back to the Union. Main goal is to get people back together. “Malice towards none” –Abe LincolnHad to run for re-election in the middle of the Civil War President McClellan didn’t want slavery to end; “we don’t need to lose any more people because we can negotiate and the South can keep their slaves. No one has to die and wecan get the Union back together.” Lincoln was in trouble because a lot of people were going to die just to end slavery. Plus, slaves can’t vote. People voted for Lincoln from the army camps. If they didn’t, they would just be fighting for nothing. They wanted to fight and finish even if they could die.