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Unformatted text preview: Matt Arpin Srebrenica Massacre The conflict in Bosnia following the collapse of the former Yugoslavian Republic constitutes a major ethnic conflict that continues even today . The Serbian nationalists, seeking a Greater Serbia enacted a policy of ethnic cleansing against Croats and Bosniaks in territories under their control . This would lead to a rise in generalized warfare in the Balkans and the subsequent intervention by the US and UN, an intervention that was seen as being nearly too little, too late ( http://www.genocid.org/english.php) . Perhaps one of the most tragic of the atrocities committed during the Bosnian War was the Srebrenica massacre, which occurred during the month of July in 1995, towards the end of the Bosnian War, which ended December 14 th of that same year . The massacre is, as of now, one of the only instances of recognized genocide that occurred during the Bosnian War, according to the International Court of Justice . Over 8,000 men, women, and children were slaughtered by Serbian military units who had moved into the area (http://www.domovina.net/srebrenica/page_006.php) . The buildup to this event had lasted since the early stages of the war, and it was seen as a last-ditch effort to obliterate the Bosniak guerilla forces support system and destroy their morale . This tragic event constituted the largest mass-murder in post-WW II Europe, and was a major slip-up for the UN, who had declared Srebrenica a UN safe-zone . Disputes about the massacre still go on today, and many of the perpetrators are still free men . The Serb dominated government in the area now known as Bosnia enacted a program of ethnic cleansing early in their campaign during the early 90s to unify the area under a Serbian banner. Their technique was ruthless and efficient: capture a village, ransack and burn down buildings while rounding up villagers, and then proceed to separate the men from the rest of the villagers and send these men to nearby detainment camps . Many were killed during this process, and it was typical at these camps to slaughter all of the men to prevent them from aiding those opposed to the Serbs . This same process was used against the Croats and the Bosniaks; however, the Srebrenica incident was purely targeted against the local Bosniaks (http://www.genocid.org/english.php) . Bosniaks are predominantly Muslim (about 84%), and share a common culture that distinguishes them clearly from the Roman Catholic Croats and Eastern Orthodox Serbs (Balkan Ghosts ) . Bosniaks historically have lived in Eastern Bosnia, and during the Bosnian war this is where they fiercely fought against the Serbs to prevent them from capturing their historical homeland . The Serbs needed the area to consolidate their structural integrity and prevent territorial dissolution, so they began to advance in Eastern Bosnia . Many Bosniaks fled towards Srebrenica, leading to a massive influx of Bosniak refugees . Control of the area changed hands twice in 1992, ....
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course HIST 2010 taught by Professor Xiaoxiangli during the Spring '08 term at Plymouth.
- Spring '08