SMOKING MIRROR Volume 22, Number 4 Editor: Meg Athey <[email protected]>December 2014 Friday, December 5, 2014Sumner School - 17th and M Streets, NW, Washington, DC Refreshments 6:45 p.m. Presentation 7:15 p.m. GREGORY D. LOCKARD CONTRIBUTIONS TO WORLD HERITAGE BY THE PERU LNG PROJECT This talk will present the results of the PERU LNG (liquefied natural gas) Archaeological Project (the Project), which involved construction of a natural gas pipeline, a liquefaction plant, and a marine terminal. The pipeline extends from the eastern slopes of the Andes to the Pacific coast. The Project was required before construction permits could be secured from the Instituto National de Cultural (INC), Peru’s cultural resources regulator at the time. As one of the largest archaeological investigations in the history of Peru, the Project included surveys, site evaluations, and rescue (data recovery) excavations—all in compliance with an Environmental and Social Impact Assessment and Peruvian laws and regulations. Also, a robust, INC-approved archaeological monitoring program was implemented during construction. A total of 137 archaeological sites were rescued, and an additional 140 sites were investigated as chance finds (inadvertent discoveries) under the Monitoring Plan. Sites ranged from major archaeological complexes to very small artifact scatters. This talk will focus on the four major complexes investigated: Pumapuquio, a highland Wari residential and administrative center; Corpas, a highland Warpa/Wari agricultural, residential, and ritual center; Rumajasa, a highland Cari/Chanka funerary site; and Bernales, a coastal Chincha site associated with a small adobe platform mound. Because every site discovered in the affected area was fully excavated, regardless of its size, integrity, or significance, the Project produced a complete archaeological picture of the ancient cultural landscape of the affected area and the results have contributed significantly to our understanding of Peru’s past. Greg Lockard received his PhD in Anthropology from the University of New Mexico in 2005. His graduate studies focused on the Moche and Chimu cultures of the north coast of Peru. His dissertation was “Political Power and Economy at the Archaeological Site of Galindo, Moche Valley, Peru.” From 2008 to 2011, Greg was lead archaeologist for the PERU LNG Project. From 2011 to 2014, he led a multidisciplinary team providing all cultural resources support for the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Response project along the Gulf Coast of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida. He is currently a Senior Consultant at Environmental Resources Management in Washington, DC. 2014–2015 CALENDAR OF EVENTS 2014–2015December5FRI DAYSumner School 6:45 p.m. 17th & M Streets NWPCSWDC Executive Committee Member at Large Greg Lockard, Senior Consultant at Environmental Resources Management in Washington, DC, will present a talk titled Contributions to World Heritage by the Peru LNG Project.