Carbon Sequestration Final Paper

Carbon Sequestration Final Paper - Carbon sequestration is...

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Carbon sequestration is an innovative technology that allows for the storage of carbon dioxide in artificial "sinks." This type of technology is very needed in regards to global climate change; however, it is largely unproven. I. The science of climate change and the rationalization of need for Carbon Sequestration Technologies. Global warming, climate change, and the anthropomorphic contribution to these dynamic shifts on the Earth have by and large been accepted as problems that the minds of the 21 st century will need creativity to solve. If the harbingers of the future are correct on this issue ocean levels will rise worldwide, the amount of flooding and drought will increase, millions of people will be displaced, and long established climate patterns will shift causing trouble for virtually all the earth. The science behind this global trend indicates that the culprit is the exponential increase in the global atmospheric concentrations of what have been termed the greenhouse gases. The basic theory is as follows. The sun emits electromagnetic radiation in the form of sunlight, propagating in all directions. The earth absorbs some of this energy and consequently heats up. Some of the radiation is bounced back into space via radiation, mostly infrared waves. Normally, some of the reflected radiation is trapped by atmospheric gases, keeping the earth safe from the deathly cold of space. The predicament that we as a global society are getting ourselves into is that the gases that molecularly reflect that outward bound radiation is are growing in concentration. Higher concentration of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons, methane, and nitrous oxide, mean more reflection of outgoing radiation and an increase in the total energy of the system we call earth. This increase in energy propagates itself
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as higher temperatures worldwide. All of the problems associated with climate change, (hunger, disease, etc.) may be, in the argument supported by nearly all of the scientific society, attributed to this increase in the greenhouse gases. (Gore 26, 27) The increase in worldwide atmospheric concentrations of these greenhouse gases has been mainly attributed to human action. The anthropomorphic contribution to the amount of these gases in the atmosphere was relatively low until the time of the industrial revolution. Prior to this time, the concentration of carbon dioxide, one of the major players among the greenhouse gases, was roughly 280 ppm. In 2005, a measurement in Hawaii clocked the concentration of the same gas at 381 ppm (Gore 37). Meanwhile, studies have suggested that the average surface temperature of the earth has warmed 0.6 Kelvin in the past 100 years (Baines 1). Dr. Naiomi Oreskes, professor of History and Science Studies at the University of California San Diego, published a study of every peer-reviewed science journal about global warming in the decade between 1993 and 2003 that of 928 samples articles, none of them contradicted or refuted the assertion that
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Carbon Sequestration Final Paper - Carbon sequestration is...

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