24 - IR 210 Human Timeline Universe 12 billion years Earth...

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IR 210 24/01/2008 13:56:00 Human Timeline Universe 12 billion years Earth 4.65 billion years Life 3.5 billion years First hominids 4 million years Early homo sapiens 400,000 years Modern humans 40,00 years Socio-Economical Revolutions o Agricultural Revolution (8000 years ago) o Industrial Revolution (200 years ago) o Information Revolution (60 years ago) Basic Changes 5,000 years ago Agriculture supplants hunting and gathering Population growth “takes off” State supplant chiefdoms and tribes Interaction capacity increases Inside/Outside distinctions between units and their environments appear o HGBs could not be distinguished as autonomous entities Because for food, safety, and mating = interdependence IR theory is flawed if HGBs not considered Structuration  - Units create balance of power which in turn  shape the units True International Systems now
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With globalization, will we eventually see the end of international relations? Units (City States) City-states and sedentary empires appear in the more populous and wealthier  pre-international zones In steppe and desert regions, nomadic tribes and non-sedentary empires  appear States  are coercion-wielding organizations that are distinct from households  and kinships groups and exercise clear priority in some respects over all other  organizations within substantial territories.” At a minimum,  city states  comprised a city and its supporting agricultural  hinterland, together forming a territorial political unit capable of asserting  government and claiming autonomy.
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