29 - IR 210 Military-Political Processes Security Dilemma...

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IR 210 29/01/2008 14:01:00 Military-Political Processes Security Dilemma Spiral o A distrusts B and acquires power for defense o B interprets A’s action as offensive o B acquires power for own defense o A interprets B’s action as confirming initial basis for mistrust Arms races and Balance of Power are intrinsic to security to dilemma o No military political process did not extend across Eurasia until the  Mongols Confined to sub-continents (Romans and Persians) Not Rome and China/India Doesn’t start until worldwide empires (European states) New technologies developed slowly but diffused quickly o Battlefield tactics o New types of weapons o One party would not be able to hold advantage for long o Drive them to engage in Diplomacy o As well as incentive to take over new lands for army population and  resources More unstable world and insecure Economic Processes
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The advent of trade diasporas, money, and bills of exchange reflected a  general increase in the significance of trade o China, India, Middle East, Mediterranean Silk Roads (overland routes) and Sea Routes (depends on  Tsunami winds) Linked together in central trading system o No system was developed in the Americas Remained isolated from each other (Regional systems) No interaction capacity Demands for goods increased and specialization of trade BUT: The Eurasian trade was only relay trade Much of it was in luxury goods only It served only a tiny elite in each society Socio-cultural processes All regions had intense internal processes going on o Diplomacy World Religions o Expanded far beyond their origins o Merchant spread Hinduism and Buddhism into Central and SE Asia o Christianity into Europe Rome adopts Christianity as the legal religion into the Empire
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313 AD spreads throughout Europe as well as missionaries into  barbarian lands
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