AFP Saddam - American Foreign Policy Saddam Hussein's Rise...

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American Foreign Policy Saddam Hussein’s Rise to Power American Foreign Policy post-World War II in the Middle East has been ever changing in this historically unstable region. The United States has shown a flip-flop cycle of best interest dealings based on the theory that “the enemy of my enemy is my friend.” These shifting policies are evident in the U.S. relations with Iraq’s ex-dictator Saddam Hussein. The conditions that led to the changes in U.S. policy toward Saddam Hussein’s Iraq are enlightened in the journal articles How Saddam Happened and U.S. Secretly Gave Aid to Iraq Early in Its War Against Iran . Saddam was entwined with United States from the very beginning of his political tenure. In 1958 Saddam joined the Ba’ath party and was immediately part of a failed U.S.-backed plot to assassinate the Iraqi militant leader General Abdul Karim Qassim. This assassination attempt was similar to previous covert operations conducted by the U.S.: the assassination of South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem (1) and the Battle of Mogadishu (2). The Ba’ath party later completed the coup in 1963 and Abdul Rahman Arif became president (Wikipedia). At the start of Saddam’s rise to power Iraq had already been in quarrel with the United States after its contribution to the Six Day War (3) against U.S. ally Israel in 1967 (Wikipedia). Sanctions were placed on Iraq the year before Saddam’s Ba’ath party 1) A 1963 South Vietnamese assassination of President Ngo Dinh Diem conspired by the U.S. and carried out by General Minh. (Wikipedia) Cold War Mandarin : Ngo Dinh Diem and the Origins of America's War in Vietnam, 1950-1963 Littlefield Publishers . 2) The Battle of Mogadishu: was a battle that was part of Operation Gothic Serpent that was fought on October 3 and 4, 1993, in Mogadishu, Somalia, by forces of the United States trying to capture warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid. (Wikipedia) Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War 3) A 1967 war fought between Israel and Arab neighbors Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. The nations of Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Algeria also contributed troops and arms to the Arab forces. (Wikipedia) Bowen, Jeremy (2003). Six Days: How the 1967 War Shaped the Middle East . London: Simon & Schuster
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staged a coup in 1968 which overthrew President Arif. The conditions in Iraq caused by the U.S. sanctions may have contributed to the Ba’ath Party’s swift revolution. Saddam had a leading role in Iraq’s modernization program and dealing with the country’s major domestic problems. His progress expanded the Ba’ath Party’s following and moved him
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course PSYC 64358 taught by Professor Goodman during the Spring '08 term at MATC Madison.

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AFP Saddam - American Foreign Policy Saddam Hussein's Rise...

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