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Unformatted text preview: Vatican I & II 15:57 Vatican I and II How would catholics deal with modern teachings Background • Medieval Catholicism • Pope Ruled as a secular monarch • Papal states (Italy) ruled by pope Modern changes • Demise of absolute monarchy • Demise of divine right kingship • Enlightenment philosophers • Personal Liberty • Religious liberty Political Revolution of 1848 • Sicily • Germany • France • Poland • Many others Italian Revolution, 1870 • Revolutionaries take Rome • Pope Retreats to the Vatican • Vatican becomes the lone refuge of the Pope Vatican I council • 1869, amidst revolution • Vatican I declares papal infallibility • Ex cathedra o The pope is talking and giving teaching from the seat. Immaculate conception Virgin Mary Retreat!!! Fortress Mentality • Retreat behind papal infallibility • Ward off secularism, modernism, and something else Signs of change...
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course REL 1350 taught by Professor Holleyman during the Spring '07 term at Baylor.
- Spring '07