4096937 - tMu nchen(FIPKM)39(2002)37130 Englischen...

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Forschungsberichte des Instituts fu r Phonetik und Sprachliche Kommunikation der Universita t Mu nchen (FIPKM) 39 (2002) 37-130 Systematische Aussprachefehler deutscher Muttersprachler im  Englischen – Eine phonetisch-phonologische Bestandsaufnahme Sonja Biersack Institut fur Phonetik und Sprachliche Kommunikation Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat  Munchen Schellingstr. 3 D-80799 Munchen Abstract Title: Systematic Pronunciation Mistakes of German Natives Speaking English – A Phonetic-  Phonological Survey The present thesis aimed at systematically illustrating the pronunication mistakes of German na-  tives speaking English, at explaining those pronunciation mistakes by means of a contrastive pho-  nological analysis of German and English, and at providing a basis for second language teaching  and further empirical research. RP (so-called  received pronunciation ) was chosen as the ‘target’ variant for English as the second  language; it was both the basis for the phonological analysis and a prerequisite for choice of  speakers. This was in accordance with the guidelines of German schools and universities where  RP is the predominantly taught variant. With phonetic and phonological accounts of English being  mostly accounts of RP, it also facilitated the reviewing process of the relevant literature. The thesis consisted of four main parts: 1. A discussion of the role RP plays for English native speakers in Britain and learners of English in Germany. 2. A detailed and systematic comparison between English and German, taking into account the  concrete sound inventory, the most relevant allophones, the morpheme- and syllable structures. 3. An illustrative catalogue of pronuciation mistakes as they occur due to the different patterns 37 of native and foreign language, and result from the inconsistencies of foreign language teaching  abroad. 4. A summary of the results from the theoretical and the applied part of the thesis with an outlook  on how those results could be applied to both foreign language teaching and further empirical  research. The contrastive analysis followed in large parts the taxonomic-phonemic concept of Daniel Jones,  A. C. Gimson and John Wells, which has been traditionally taught at the University College Lon-  don. The data presented in the third part of the thesis was obtained from six non-native and six  native speakers of English. The illustration of pronunciation mistakes mentioned above was ex-  emplified by means of sonagrams and audio data.
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