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15 -16 final review - Lecture 16 Study Questions 1. What...

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Lecture 16 Study Questions1. What are some criticisms of modernism made by Aldo Rossi?What does he mean bytype?
2. What basic argument does Robert Venturi make inComplexityand Contradiction in Architecture?
3. In what ways can the work of Michael Graves be seen aspostmodern?.
4. In what ways do the designs of Peter Eisenman and BernardTschumi challenge conventions of architecture? What“deconstructivist” elementsor principles do they have?
PostmodernismArchitectural postmodernism is by nature not a unified set ofdevelopments, but in general postmodernist architects soughtto address what they saw as a thinness of meaning in mostmodernist architecture. Although not rejecting all aspects ofmodernism, these designers sought to re-introduce history,context, ornamentation, and symbol.Rather than the avowed purity of mythical “international style,”these architects attempted to create buildings that were morecomplex and more diverse.
I. Aldo Rossi (1931-1997)Born in Milan, Aldo Rossi believed in the vitality ofcities and rejected many principles of modernarchitecture. His bookThe Architecture of the Citywas a landmark publication that emphasized the roleof history, memory, and architectural type.Rossi rejected what he called “naïve functionalism”in favor of an approach that accounted for thehistorical longevity of buildings and the complexityof cities.Rossi and the critique of “naïvefunctionalism”Rossi argues that the city cannot be understood in terms of mere function.Living in Milan and other cities with long histories, he sees cities ascollective artifacts, composed of smaller elements (buildings) that eachhave their own history.If function were the primary determinant of urban form meaning, thenthere would be continuity.The Theater of Marcellus, for instance, is 2000 years old and has had manyfunctions; in recent centuries it has served as housing.
Rossi and the concept oftypeFor Rossi,typemean not a simple functional orprogrammatic type (e.g. a hospital or school),but something more fundamental.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Yip
Tags
Architecture, Deconstructivism, Centre Georges Pompidou, Pritzker Prize winners

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