GEOGsouthasia - Alli Neuman Geog100KeyTerms South Asia...

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Alli Neuman Geog100KeyTerms South Asia Leading candidate for what?—political tensions have reached such heights that many experts consider South Asia the leading candidate for a nuclear war. Jeopardize the future— One-third less than $1.00/day— Natural hazards, 2/3rds flooded in 1998—earthquakes, flooding, and typhoons from the Bay of Bengal. In the delta area of Bangladesh, where the search for fertile land has driven people into hazardous areas, putting millions at risk from seasonal flooding as well as from the powerful cyclones (tropical storms) that form over the Bay of Bengal. Flooding has become a serious problem in these areas because the Himalayan slopes have dispersed sediment to the sea by the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers, gradually building this low-lying delta environment. Every year when they farm it increases their risk and the number of people affected by natural disasters. In September of 1998, more than 22 million Bangladeshis were made homeless when water covered 2/3rds of the country. With populations so high in Bangladesh and northern India and growing rapidly, there is a strong possibility that flooding will take even higher tolls in the next decade. Forest destruction, vanished, dung cakes, Chipko—Tropical monsoon forests and savannah woodlands once covered the region besides the deserts in the northwest. Most areas where trees covered, they have vanished as a result of human activities. The Ganges Valley and coastal plains of India were largely deforested hundreds of years ago to make room for agriculture. In other places, forests were cleared more gradually for agricultural, urban and industrial expansion. Recently hillslopes in the Himalayas have been logged for commercial purposes. Forests can only mostly be found in the far northern, southwestern and east-central areas. As a result of deforestation, many South Asian villages suffer from a shortage of fuelwood for househod cooking, forcing people to burn dung cakes from cattle. Mountains: Himalayan, Karakoram, Everest, Kathmandu, Kashmir—recently hillslopes in these have been logged for commercial purposes. River Lowlands: Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra—These were largely deforested hundreds of years ago to make room for agriculture. Largest delta in the world—Ganges-Brahmaputra delta which is partly in Bangladesh and India Peninsular India: Deccan, western Ghats, Eastern Ghats, rainshadow—On the Deccan Plateau, rainfall is dramatically reduced by a strong rain shadow effect. A rain shadow is the area of low rainfall found on the downwind side of a mountain range. As winds move downslope, the air becomes warmer and dry conditions usually prevail. Western ghats have an uplifting and cooling of moist monsoon winds occur over this. Southward is the familiar shape of peninsular India, made up primarily of the Deccan Plateau, which is bordered on each sides by narrow coastal plains backed by north-south mountain ranges. On the west are the highest Western Ghats, which
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course GEOG 100 taught by Professor Herlihy during the Spring '08 term at Kansas.

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GEOGsouthasia - Alli Neuman Geog100KeyTerms South Asia...

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