ARLT 100 Chinese Imagination - Midterm 1 Study Guide

ARLT 100 Chinese Imagination - Midterm 1 Study Guide -...

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Chinese Imagination: Culture in Fiction Midterm 1 Study Guide 1. Filial Piety One of the most important values of traditional Chinese society A love and respect for one’s parents and ancestors Take care of one's parents, not be rebellious; show love, respect and support, wisely advise one's parents Pointing out and correcting their mistakes Display sorrow for their sickness and death; carry out sacrifices after their death. a. Lady Night Errant The lady knight-errant repays her mother’s favor and father’s insult Shows extreme filial piety violated the law (killed her father’s oppressor) in order to fulfill her filial piety toward her father who died as a result of injustice Approached Ku sexually not out of her gratification but for the purpose of bearing Ku (the male character) a child a means to repay his favor of helping her and her mother The lady knight-errant went to help out at Ku’s household so the Ku family would help her mother in return (giving food, etc.) b. The Couple Bounds in Life and Death Tu-Fu’s mother is a typical Chinese woman she did not want her daughter to marry a man with leprosy Despite the pressure the mother put on her to reconsider the marriage, Tu-fu refused and reasoned with her mother atypical aspect of filial piety ( pointing out and correcting the mother’s mistakes) Disobeyed her mother’s demand because it is immoral According to Confucius, it is possible that the younger generation knows what is morally right and wrong better than the parents, when this happens, the child should bring the parents to the right by respect Tu-Fu insisted on entering into the marriage because it was her fate that she is Tu- shou’s wife and it is her duty to take care of her husband Tu-fu’s perseverance (including to commit suicide to escape a new marriage) to bring the morally good outcome is NOT a lack of filial piety c. Pearl Shirt Reencountered Filial piety as a means to solve a difficult law case After looking over Wu Chieh (the official that San-ch’iao remarried)’s court cast documents, San-ch’iao begged Wu to spare her “brother” – an act of filial piety: paying respect to one’s elder Hsing-ko pushed an old man who tried to steal his pearl to the floor the old man died after falling onto the ground the old man’s son accused Hsing-ko of causing his father’s death
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When Wu proposed to have the dead man’s body examined, the son refused this outright because of a respect to his father’s body filial piety. The son agreed to let the officer Wu to examine the body, but NOT in public. Wu solved this difficult law case with the means of the means of filial piety He ordered Hsing-ko to wear mourning clothes and conduct rites in the manner expected of a son and bear all expenses for the funeral Both sons agreed to this solution Hsing-ko carried all the funeral rites properly that the Sung brothers could not
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ARLT 100 Chinese Imagination - Midterm 1 Study Guide -...

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