teacher - Ebrahimi,1 Marjan Ebrahimi Proff Magnuson WRT 104...

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Ebrahimi,1 Marjan Ebrahimi Proff. Magnuson WRT 104 2/19/08 Summary “Of Booker T. Washington and Others” Throughout “Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others”, W.E.B Du Bois creates a sort of “time line” of events that occurred between 1750 and the time he wrote this piece in 1903. Du Bois’ piece describes Booker T. Washington’s program and ideas on black oppression; as well as other black leaders’ ideas and their opinions of Mr. Washington. This essay has a couple different purposes. He first discusses the importance of criticism and then he calls attention to the fact that after so many years of fighting, there is still a feeling of negativity towards black people in the 1900’s. (should I change this to just the importance of criticism?) Mr. Washington believes that the American Negroes should give up fighting for: political power, insistence on civil rights, and higher education of Negro youth. Instead, he believes that they should focus their attention on industrial education. However, Mr. Washington does not realize that this can’t be possible without having people of higher education to teach the industrial classes, and he wants to limit the advancement of higher education. This is a part of Booker T. Washington’s triple paradox. Other issues of his argument include that he is pushing to have Negro artisans become business men and property owners, yet this is impossible without the right of suffrage; also, Mr. Washington believes that the American Negro should have self-respect, but still be silent and submissive to civic inferiority. W.E.B Du Bois uses the rhetorical appeal ethos in his essay to emphasize on the morals of the historical figures he mentions. An example of this would be when the
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Ebrahimi,2 author conveys that it is the Negro and the nation's responsibility for advancement of the Negro's status, and the "responsibility to the darker races of men whose future depends so largely on this American experiment". The author feels that Mr. Washington helped aid the Negroes develop a certain status but did not help them achieve equality. Mr. Du Bois also mentions “ We have no right to sit silently by while the inevitable seeds are sown for a harvest of disaster to our children, black and white.” Here he is speaking out against Mr. Washington. He believes that “discriminating and broad-minded criticism is what the
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teacher - Ebrahimi,1 Marjan Ebrahimi Proff Magnuson WRT 104...

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