HIS110 Clash of Cultures - Running head CLASH OF CULTURES 1...

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Running head: CLASH OF CULTURES 1 Clash of Cultures Name HIS110 November 10, 2014 Tom Ward
CLASH OF CULTURES 2 Clash of Cultures The relationships between the Jamestown settlers, Native Americans and West Africans were crucial interactions in American History. Jamestown is known as the first permanent colony in what later became the United States, and its success was due in part to both the Native Americans and the West Africans. In 1607, with funding from the Virginia Company of London, the English attempted to establish another settlement in America. When they arrived at Jamestown, their goal was to work with the Native Indians and trade with them for food. They felt as gentlemen, if they treated the Indians fairly, they would respond in kind. Unfortunately, the 104 settlers who arrived were quickly surrounded by 13,000 Native Americans. Instead of supplying them with food, the Indians attacked.(5) The tribal leader, Powhatan, wanted to prevent the white men from settling in their land. He had allied with several area tribes to create the Powhatan Confederacy.(4) While the weapons of the settlers were more advanced than the weapons used by the Indians, the settlers were gentlemen and not soldiers and not trained to fire weapons. The Indians were able to shoot 10 arrows at the settlers in the time it took to reload a musket with gunpowder.(5) During the first years at Jamestown, although 900 settlers had arrived there, only 60 survived. Captain John Smith decided that they must use diplomacy to deal with the Indians. He studied their language and bargaining skills and approached them. They were intrigued by beads which had spiritual meaning to them, as well as copper pots and metals tools.(2)

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