HIS120 - World War II - 1 World War II The American...

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1 World War II: The American Experience Name HIS120 February 9, 2015 Nicholas Weeks
2 World War II: The American Experience World War II is known as the bloodiest war in the history of the world (Allen, 2012). While the United States initially chose to remain neutral in the war, their neutrality gradually ebbed as they aided in the armament of other nations and were eventually pulled in completely with the attack on Pearl Harbor. There were many important battles waged on land, sea, from the air and in many different theatres around the globe. After the United States declared war on Japan, and in turn, Germany declared war on the United States, the war officially involved all of the major powers of the world. The United States played a major role in many battles throughout the war, and it may be concluded that the intervention of the United States brought success and victory to the Allied forces. Two major campaigns of the war were the North African Campaign and the Italian Campaign. After the stock market collapse of 1929, worldwide economies suffered as the Great Depression spread around the world. Germany had been the hardest hit due to their obligation to pay reparations for World War I. Yet under the leadership of Adolf Hitler, they turned their economy around by 1936 (Schultz, 2014). Benito Mussolini followed with his program of reform for Italy. In Japan, Emperor Hirohito wanted to bring all of Asia under the control of Japan (Schultz, 2014). These three men brought the entire globe to war over the next several years. At the onset of these conflicts around the world, the American people wanted to avoid becoming involved in the affairs of Europe and Asia. Still reeling from the Great Depressions, Americans wanted to focus on rebuilding the economy. The United States originally decided to aid other nations in building up arms. In addition, President Roosevelt ordered 50,000 warplanes to be built each year as a precaution (Schultz, 2014). With Germany’s blitzkriegs over major cities in England, France, Denmark, and Norway, the United States decided to begin a program of building its own armed forces. The new Prime Minister of England, Winston Churchill, felt
3 that an alliance with the United States could be a key factor in winning the war. President

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