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History Test 1 Study Guide (Ch. 14-18)Reconstruction – late 1860srebuilding after civil war“Malice towards none and charity for all” – Lincoln at 2ndInaugural AddressSouthern states:-Take 10% of the voting population in 1860has to sign a loyal oath to the US, andthen new governments could be formed-Rewrite state constitution to abolish slavery-Apologize for secessionAndrew Johnson becomes president after Lincoln gets shot and killed-Hates free slaveswhite supremacistBlack code – law that would specifically apply to black people (p. 450)passed by Southernstates-Ex. illegal to be unemployedbasically tried to recreate slavery-Must carry proof of residence and employment with you at all times-Make a contract with your former master, if you break it then you lose your wages-You can get married and acquire personal property-If you don’t have a job for a certain period of time, you have to pay a fine or go to jail-Interracial marriages were considered a felony-Many of these laws were designed to ensure that white landowners had a supply ofblack labor now that slavery had endedRadical republicans were very anti-slaverythey wanted to take reconstruction away fromJohnson-Want to change the constitutiono13th– abolishes slaveryo14th– gives former slaves citizenshipget rights/privileges of citizenso15th– black men have the right to votewill vote for radical republicansFreedman’s bureau – type of radical republicanassist in the transition from slavery byproviding ex-slaves with economic and legal resources-agents would help blacks get officially married under the law-set up schools-Congress passes extension of Freedmen’s Bureau over Johnson’s presidential vetoBlack politicians are now able to run for officeRadicals pass a law that they know Johnson will breakTenure of Office Act (1867)-Prevents Johnson from removing cabinet members sympathetic to the RepublicanParty’s approach to congressional Reconstruction without Senate approval-Johnson fires Stanton and breaks the new law that has been passed“Reconstruction fatigue” in the North due to:-Economic problems (panic of 1873)-Racism is still prevalent-Most of the radicals are dying/dead-Legal setbacks-Growing labor strife and industrialismdiverts attention from the slavesSharecropping (p. 442)-Rent a portion of the land and grow cropsgive a share of crops to the owner
-Receive tools and supplies from landowners and farmed their own plots of land onthe plantation-White tax dollars are funding former slavesperception (cartoon on p. 435)The Force Act (1871)reducing the power of the KKK-A federal response to stop the terror and intimidation of southern black and whiterepublicans by their opponents, the act provided both civil relief for damages andcriminal penalties-Prosecuted hundreds of Klan members, often before predominantly black juries4 million freed slaves after the Civil WarCharacteristics of Euro-American slavery