History Test 1 Study Guide - History Test 1 Study Guide(Ch 14-18 Reconstruction late 1860s rebuilding after civil war Malice towards none and charity

History Test 1 Study Guide - History Test 1 Study Guide(Ch...

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History Test 1 Study Guide (Ch. 14-18) Reconstruction – late 1860s rebuilding after civil war “Malice towards none and charity for all” – Lincoln at 2 nd Inaugural Address Southern states: - Take 10% of the voting population in 1860 has to sign a loyal oath to the US, and then new governments could be formed - Rewrite state constitution to abolish slavery - Apologize for secession Andrew Johnson becomes president after Lincoln gets shot and killed - Hates free slaves white supremacist Black code – law that would specifically apply to black people (p. 450) passed by Southern states - Ex. illegal to be unemployed basically tried to recreate slavery - Must carry proof of residence and employment with you at all times - Make a contract with your former master, if you break it then you lose your wages - You can get married and acquire personal property - If you don’t have a job for a certain period of time, you have to pay a fine or go to jail - Interracial marriages were considered a felony - Many of these laws were designed to ensure that white landowners had a supply of black labor now that slavery had ended Radical republicans were very anti-slavery they wanted to take reconstruction away from Johnson - Want to change the constitution o 13 th – abolishes slavery o 14 th – gives former slaves citizenship get rights/privileges of citizens o 15 th – black men have the right to vote will vote for radical republicans Freedman’s bureau – type of radical republican assist in the transition from slavery by providing ex-slaves with economic and legal resources - agents would help blacks get officially married under the law - set up schools - Congress passes extension of Freedmen’s Bureau over Johnson’s presidential veto Black politicians are now able to run for office Radicals pass a law that they know Johnson will break Tenure of Office Act (1867) - Prevents Johnson from removing cabinet members sympathetic to the Republican Party’s approach to congressional Reconstruction without Senate approval - Johnson fires Stanton and breaks the new law that has been passed “Reconstruction fatigue” in the North due to: - Economic problems (panic of 1873) - Racism is still prevalent - Most of the radicals are dying/dead - Legal setbacks - Growing labor strife and industrialism diverts attention from the slaves Sharecropping (p. 442) - Rent a portion of the land and grow crops give a share of crops to the owner
- Receive tools and supplies from landowners and farmed their own plots of land on the plantation - White tax dollars are funding former slaves perception (cartoon on p. 435) The Force Act (1871) reducing the power of the KKK - A federal response to stop the terror and intimidation of southern black and white republicans by their opponents, the act provided both civil relief for damages and criminal penalties - Prosecuted hundreds of Klan members, often before predominantly black juries 4 million freed slaves after the Civil War Characteristics of Euro-American slavery

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